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פונטים קוד פתוח ביוניקוד | Open Source Licensed Unicode Hebrew Fonts

Five fonts from the Open Siddur Open Source and Unicode Hebrew Font pack: Miriam CLM, Hadasim CLM, Linux Libertine, Mekorot-Rashi, and Shlomo Semi Stam (credit: Aharon Varady, license CC-BY-SA)

Five fonts from the Open Siddur Open Source and Unicode Hebrew Font pack: Miriam CLM, Hadasim CLM, Linux Libertine, Mekorot-Rashi, and Shlomo Semi Stam (credit: Aharon Varady, license CC-BY-SA)

 

Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation and handling of text expressed in most of the world’s writing systems.”[1]

DOWNLOAD:

ZIP (v.1.16, 52.4 MB/55,013,376 bytes) | PDF (Open Source and Unicode Hebrew Font comparison chart)

INSTALL

If you’d like to install all the fonts in the font pack at once, follow these instructions:

  1. To search and find all of the TTF files in the unzipped directory of fonts, use CTRL-F
    type *.ttf (asterisk dot ttf) as your search keyword. Repeat this step but type *.otf for searching for and installing OTF files.
  2. The search will list all of the fonts in their separate directories.
    To select all of them at once use CTRL-A. (Alternately you can click edit on the windows toolbar and select, “select all”.)
  3. Then right-click on any of the highlighted fonts and select “install font”. (Make sure to right-click rather than left-click, otherwise you won’t see the install font option and you’ll have to select them all again using CTRL-A.)

(Setup your own keyboard to type in Hebrew, here.)

Fonts Index (sortable)

Font Cantillation Support Vocalization Support Style Foundry Typographer Version License
Shlomo SemiStam x x Serif, calligraphy Shlomo Orbach Shlomo Orbach 1.0; 2010 SIL OFL 1.1
Shlomo Stam x x Serif, calligraphy Shlomo Orbach Shlomo Orbach 1.0; 2010 SIL OFL 1.1
Keter Aram Sova x x Serif, calligraphy Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.103yg GPL+FE
Keter YG x x Serif, calligraphy Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.103yg GPL+FE
Shofar x x Serif Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 1.6 GPL+FE
Taamey Ashkenaz x x Serif Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.150yg GPL+FE
Taamey Frank CLM x x Serif Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.11 GPL+FE
Cardo x x Serif Fonts for Scholars David J. Perry 1.045 SIL OFL 1.1
Ezra SIL x x Serif SIL SIL NRSI Team 2.51, 2007 SIL OFL 1.1
Shlomo x x Serif Shlomo Orbach Shlomo Orbach 1.0; 2011 SIL OFL 1.1
Taamey David CLM x x Sans-Serif Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.11 GPL+FE
Frank CurledLamed CLM x Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 1.0 GPL 2.0
Frank Ruehl CLM x Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.121 GPL 2.0
Hadasim CLM x Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.110 GPL 2.0
Shmulik CLM x Serif Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.12 GPL+FE
Linux Libertine x Serif Libertine Open Fonts Projekt Philipp H. Poll 5.0.6 SIL OFL 1.1
Mekorot Vilna x Serif Mekorot Maxim Iorsh 0.1 GPL 2.0
Mekorot Rashi x “Rashi script” Mekorot Alan Hoenig/Omega Makor (with corrections by Yoram Gnat) 0.003 LPPL 1.3c
Mashkit *NEW* x Mashkit Refoyl Finkl Raphael Finkel 001.000 GPL+FE
Miriam CLM x Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.105 GPL 2.0
Nachlieli CLM x Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.101 GPL 2.0
Simple CLM x Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.11 GPL 2.0
Alef x Sans-Serif HaGilda HaGilda Tel Aviv 1.001 SIL OFL 1.1
Shuneet Classic x Sans-Serif Michael Cunliffe Thompson Michael Cunliffe Thompson 2.0 SIL OFL 1.1
Dorian CLM x Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 2.1 GPL 2.0
Dorian CLM (Italic) x Cursive Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 2.1 GPL 2.0
Makabi YG x ktav-yad, antiquity Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 1.03 GPL+FE
Sofer Stam Ashkenaz calligraphy Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.110 GPL+FE
Sofer Stam Sefarad calligraphy Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.110 GPL+FE
Liberation Serif Serif Red Hat/Ascender Corp. Steve Matteson 2.00.1 SIL OFL 1.1
Drugulin CLM Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.1 GPL 2.0
FreeSerif Serif GNU Free Font Project Primož Peterlin, Steve White 1.548 GPL 3.0
Linux Biolinum Outline Serif Libertine Open Fonts Projekt Philipp H. Poll 1.1.3 SIL OFL 1.1
Linux Biolinum Shadow Serif Libertine Open Fonts Projekt Philipp H. Poll 1.1.3 SIL OFL 1.1
Linux Biolinum Serif Libertine Open Fonts Projekt Philipp H. Poll 1.1.3 SIL OFL 1.1
Drugulin CLM (Italic) Mashkit Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.1 GPL 2.0
Pfennig *NEW* Sans-Serif Daniel Johnson Daniel Johnson 2.0 SIL OFL 1.1
Aharoni CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.1 GPL 2.0
Gan CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 1.01 GPL 2.0
Gladia CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 1.02 GPL 2.0
Hillel CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 1.0 GPL 2.0
Horev CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 1.0 GPL 2.0
Journal CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.105 GPL 2.0
Ozrad CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 1.02 GPL 2.0
Trashim CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 1.0 GPL 2.0
Ellinia CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.101 GPL 2.0
Asakim Sans-Serif Printer Killer Printer Killer 3.0 SIL OFL 1.1
Dragon Sans-Serif Printer Killer Printer Killer n/a SIL OFL 1.1
Paskol Sans-Serif Printer Killer Printer Killer 2.0 SIL OFL 1.1
Comix No2 CLM Sans-Serif Culmus Project Richard Schoeller, Maxim Iorsh 1.0 GPL 2.0
Migdal HaEmeq Sans-Serif Elad Mordechai Mizrahi Elad Mordechai Mizrahi 1.0 SIL OFL 1.1
Retro Perspective Sans-Serif Elad Mordechai Mizrahi Elad Mordechai Mizrahi n/a SIL OFL 1.1
Tnua Libre Sans-Serif Elad Mordechai Mizrahi Elad Mordechai Mizrahi n/a SIL OFL 1.1
Stop Motion *NEW* Sans-Serif Elad Mordechai Mizrahi Elad Mordechai Mizrahi n/a SIL OFL 1.1
FreeSans Sans-Serif GNU Free Font Project Primož Peterlin, Steve White 1.344 GPL 3.0
Shuneet Square Sans-Serif Michael Cunliffe Thompson Michael Cunliffe Thompson 2.0 SIL OFL 1.1
Shuneet Thin Sans-Serif Michael Cunliffe Thompson Michael Cunliffe Thompson 2.0 SIL OFL 1.1
Liberation Sans Sans-Serif Red Hat/Ascender Corp. Steve Matteson 2.00.1 SIL OFL 1.1
Miriam Mono CLM Sans-serif, monospace Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.105 GPL 2.0
FreeMono Sans-Serif, monospace GNU Free Font Project Primož Peterlin, Steve White 1.215 GPL 3.0
Nehama Sans-Serif, ktav-yad Printer Killer Printer Killer n/a SIL OFL 1.1
Miri Sans-Serif, ktav-yad Elad Mordechai Mizrahi Elad Mordechai Mizrahi 1.0 SIL OFL 1.1
Yehuda CLM Sans-Serif, ktav-yad Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.1 GPL 2.0
Refoyl Cursive, ktav-yad Refoyl Finkl Raphael Finkel 1.001 GPL+FE
Ktav-Yad CLM Cursive, ktav-yad Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.91 GPL 2.0
Ellinia CLM (Italic) Cursive Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.101 GPL 2.0
Anka CLM Cursive Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 1.0 GPL 2.0
Nachlaot Cursive Refoyl Finkl Raphael Finkel n/a GPL+FE
Hebrew Square Bet-Shearim (3 CE) inscription, antiquity Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.05-1 GPL+FE
Hebrew Square Ben-Kosba (132 CE) ktav-yad, antiquity Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.05-1 GPL+FE
Hebrew Square Habakkuk (~0 CE) ktav-yad, antiquity Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Hebrew Square Isaiah (~200 BCE) ktav-yad, antiquity Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.05-1 GPL+FE
Hebrew Square Samaritan sans-sofit Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Hebrew Paleo Qumran (~100 BCE) sans-sofit, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Aramaic Imperial Yeb (5th c. BCE) sans-sofit, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Hebrew Paleo Lakhish (587 BCE) sans-sofit, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Aramaic VIIBCE (7th c. BCE) sans-sofit, inscription, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Hebrew Paleo Siloam (703 BCE) sans-sofit, inscription, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Aramaic Early Bar-Raqib (~800 BCE) sans-sofit, inscription, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Hebrew Paleo Mesha (850 BCE) sans-sofit, inscription, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Hebrew Paleo Gezer (10th c. BCE) sans-sofit, inscription, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Phoenician Ahiram (~1300-1000 BCE) sans-sofit, inscription, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Proto Canaanite (~1700 BCE) sans-sofit, inscription, ancient Culmus Project Yoram Gnat 0.06-1 GPL+FE
Caladings CLM Symbols & Dingbats Culmus Project Maxim Iorsh 0.12 GPL 2.0
Musica Symbols & Dingbats George Douros George Douros 0.12 GPL 2.0
Symbola Symbols & Dingbats George Douros George Douros 0.12 GPL 2.0
Unidings Symbols & Dingbats George Douros George Douros 0.12 GPL 2.0

Additional Non-Hebrew Open Source Unicode Fonts:

  • Latin, Cyrillic, Greek, Ge’ez, and Arabic (by SIL)
  • Aegyptus, Akkadian, Analecta, and Anatolian (by George Douros)

Why did we make this font pack?

The importance of sharing documents with Unicode 4.0+ compliant Hebrew fonts was underlined for us in early 2010, after the liturgy of a popular siddur was contributed to the Open Siddur Project with a public domain declaration. The format of the file shared was a PDF, and unfortunately, most of the text rendered in the PDF was encoded with old proprietary Hebrew fonts made by a commercial font foundry, Elsner+Flake. These fonts were developed prior to the standardization of Hebrew in Unicode. Efraim and I made some progress in attempting to convert the documents but so far we have not been successful. (Perhaps you can help convert them.) The contributor had no other copies of the liturgy except for what was contained in the PDF shared. The entire sad episode indicated the need for publishers of digital documents to prepare their documents in open standard formats, with text encoded with open standard fonts. (You are free to try your hand at converting the two documents (1, 2) which were shared by the Avi Chai Foundation. )

Given the twenty year history (at least) of digital Hebrew font development, there are quite a few pre-Unicode Hebrew fonts floating around the Internet and locally, on folk’s home computers. On the Internet, they sometimes show up on font download websites with a note that they are shareware or freeware with some restriction or another. Documents prepared with non-Unicode fonts are destined to be unreadable.

Even if a Hebrew font is Unicode it might 1) not support the full range of diacritical marks (nikkud/vowels and t’amim/trope/cantillation) and 2) not be licensed in such a way that it does not conflict with free/libre and open source licenses. Currently, there are three popular sources of open source licensed and Unicode compliant Hebrew fonts that support the full range of Hebrew diacritical marks (vowels and cantillation).

SIL OFL logoMoreover, by license these fonts are free for creative reuse (as well as free without license fee to download). SIL International’s Ezra SIL font and David Perry’s Cardo font are both shared using SIL’s Open Font License version 1.1.0. Yoram Gnat’s fonts at the Culmus Project are all shared freely with a GPL including the font exception clause. Maxim Iorsh’s fonts (for instance, Drugulin CLM) are shared with a GPL 2 but without the font exception, and so the use of Iorsh’s fonts can sometimes conflict with the licenses of other free/libre and open source projects. (A full list of acceptable open source licenses for digital fonts is available here.)

It is often a wonder how certain typefaces, designed over a hundred years ago and residing in the Public Domain, can nevertheless be restricted by software licenses. After all, even new typefaces in the United States and Canada cannot be copyrighted; only the underlying software logic in digital fonts that control the placement of letters and diacritics can be copyrighted. While the art may be in the Public Domain, the underlying logic may be considered software and thus be protected by copyright. The good news is that many digital fonts use the underlying font logic written by John Hudson which itself is freely licensed open source software (with the MIT license).

If you or your company designed a Hebrew font which you never updated to Unicode, why not share it with an open font license so that others may adopt it, update it, and create anew with it?

Notes:

  1. Unicode,” accessed 2011-01-09.

What for is Open Source in Judaism?

The Open Siddur is a G'MaḤ for Tefilot and related text and art. Transcribe or translate a prayer and share it. Help us develop our software. If you can't share a text or code, then please help us by telling others about this project or by donating some money to help us pay someone else to pick up the slack. Every shekel, drachma, or dollar you contribute helps to liberate the ingredients of Jewish spiritual practice for all collaborating free/libre and open source initiatives. Your tax deductible donation will help us afford to maintain this website, grow this project, and complete our web application.

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