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אַדִּיר בִּמְלוּכָה | Adir Bimlukhah, a Latin translation of the piyyut by Johann Stephan Rittangel (1644)

Source (Hebrew) Translation (Latin) Secondary Translation (English)

כִּי לוֹ נָאֶה.
כִּי לוֹ יָאֶה׃
אַדִּיר בִּמְלוּכָה.
בָּחוּר כַּהֲלָכָה.
גְּדוּדָיו יֹאמְרוּ לוֹ.
לְךָ וּלְךָ.
לְךָ כִּי לְךָ.
לְךָ אַף לְךָ.
לְךָ יְיָ הַמַּמְלָכָה׃

Quoniam ipsi decorum (est,)
quoniam ipsum decet,
magnificum (esse) in regno,  
electum jure meritissimo;  
turmæ ejus dicent ipsi,  
tibi & tibi,
tibi quoniam tibi,
tibi etiam tibi:
tibi Domine competit Regnum.
Because it is proper for Him,
because it befits Him.
Magnificent in his reign; 
election, justly his reward. 
His entourage says to Him: 
“Yours and Yours,
Yours because it is Yours,
Yours and only Yours—
Yours, YHVH, is Majesty!”

כִּי לוֹ נָאֶה.
כִּי לוֹ יָאֶה׃
דַּגוּל בִּמְלוּכָה.
הָדוּר כַּהֲלָכָה.
וָתִיקָיו יֹאמְרוּ לוֹ
לְךָ וּלְךָ.
לְךָ כִּי לְךָ.
לְךָ אַף לְךָ.
לְךָ יְיָ הַמַּמְלָכָה׃

Quoniam ipsi decorum (est,)
quoniam ipsum decet,
vexillatum (castrorum acie ornatum) esse in regno,  
gloriosum jure meritissimo;  
fortes ejus dicent ipsi,  
tibi & tibi,
tibi quoniam tibi,
tibi etiam tibi:
tibi Domine competit Regnum.
Because it is proper for Him,
because it befits Him.
Standardbearer (of the battle line) in his reign; 
glory, justly his reward. 
His valiant ones say to Him: 
“Yours and Yours,
Yours because it is Yours,
Yours and only Yours—
Yours, YHVH, is Majesty!”

כִּי לוֹ נָאֶה.
כִּי לוֹ יָאֶה׃
זַכַּאי בִּמְלוּכָה.
חָסִין כַּהֲלָכָה.
טַפְסְרָיו יֹאמְרוּ לוֹ.
לְךָ וּלְךָ.
לְךָ כִּי לְךָ.
לְךָ אַף לְךָ.
לְךָ יְיָ הַמַּמְלָכָה׃

Quoniam ipsi decorum (est,)
quoniam ipsum decet,
castum (esse) in regno,  
validum jure meritissimo;  
principatus ejus dicent ipsi,  
tibi & tibi,
tibi quoniam tibi,
tibi etiam tibi:
tibi Domine competit Regnum.
Because it is proper for Him,
because it befits Him.
Chaste in his reign; 
legitimacy, justly his reward. 
His chief command says to Him: 
“Yours and Yours,
Yours because it is Yours,
Yours and only Yours—
Yours, YHVH, is Majesty!”

כִּי לוֹ נָאֶה.
כִּי לוֹ יָאֶה׃
יָחִיד בִּמְלוּכָה.
כַּבִּיר כַּהֲלָכָה.
לִמּוּדָיו יֹאמְרוּ לוֹ.
לְךָ וּלְךָ.
לְךָ כִּי לְךָ.
לְךָ אַף לְךָ.
לְךָ יְיָ הַמַּמְלָכָה׃

Quoniam ipsi decorum (est,)
quoniam ipsum decet,
summè unum (esse) in regno,  
magnificum jure meritissimo;  
discentes ejus dicent ipsi,  
tibi & tibi,
tibi quoniam tibi,
tibi etiam tibi:
tibi Domine competit Regnum.
Because it is proper for Him,
because it befits Him.
Supreme in his reign; 
magnificence, justly his reward. 
His students say to Him: 
“Yours and Yours,
Yours because it is Yours,
Yours and only Yours—
Yours, YHVH, is Majesty!”

כִּי לוֹ נָאֶה.
כִּי לוֹ יָאֶה׃
מָרוֹם בִּמְלוּכָה.
נוֹרָא כַּהֲלָכָה.
סְבִיבָיו יֹאמְרוּ לוֹ.
לְךָ וּלְךָ.
לְךָ כִּי לְךָ.
לְךָ אַף לְךָ.
לְךָ יְיָ הַמַּמְלָכָה׃

Quoniam ipsi decorum (est,)
quoniam ipsum decet,
Regem (esse) in regno,  
formidandum jure meritissimo;  
circum circa ipsum (qui sunt) dicent ipsi,  
tibi & tibi,
tibi quoniam tibi,
tibi etiam tibi:
tibi Domine competit Regnum.
Because it is proper for Him,
because it befits Him.
Governing in his reign; 
mortal fear, justly his reward. 
Round about all say to Him: 
“Yours and Yours,
Yours because it is Yours,
Yours and only Yours—
Yours, YHVH, is Majesty!”

כִּי לוֹ נָאֶה.
כִּי לוֹ יָאֶה׃
עָנָיו בִּמְלוּכָה.
פּוֹדֶה כַּהֲלָכָה.
צַדִּיקָיו יֹאמְרוּ לוֹ.
לְךָ וּלְךָ.
לְךָ כִּי לְךָ.
לְךָ אַף לְךָ.
לְךָ יְיָ הַמַּמְלָכָה׃

Quoniam ipsi decorum (est,)
quoniam ipsum decet,
mansuerum (esse) in regno,  
redemptorem jure meritissimo;  
exercitus ejus dicent ipsi,  
tibi & tibi,
tibi quoniam tibi,
tibi etiam tibi:
tibi Domine competit Regnum.
Because it is proper for Him,
because it befits Him.
Gentle in his reign; 
redemption, justly his reward. 
His legion says to Him: 
“Yours and Yours,
Yours because it is Yours,
Yours and only Yours—
Yours, YHVH, is Majesty!”

כִּי לוֹ נָאֶה.
כִּי לוֹ יָאֶה׃
קָדוֹשׁ בִּמְלוּכָה.
רַחוּם כַּהֲלָכָה.
שִׁנְאַנָּיו יֹאמְרוּ לוֹ.
לְךָ וּלְךָ.
לְךָ כִּי לְךָ.
לְךָ אַף לְךָ.
לְךָ יְיָ הַמַּמְלָכָה׃

Quoniam ipsi decorum (est,)
quoniam ipsum decet,  
sanctum (esse) in regno,  
misericordem jure meritissimo;  
Angeli ejus dicent ipsi,
tibi & tibi,
tibi quoniam tibi,
tibi etiam tibi:
tibi Domine competit Regnum.
Because it is proper for Him,
because it befits Him.
Holy in his reign; 
compassion, justly his reward. 
His angels say to Him: 
“Yours and Yours,
Yours because it is Yours,
Yours and only Yours—
Yours, YHVH, is Majesty!”

כִּי לוֹ נָאֶה.
כִּי לוֹ יָאֶה׃
תַּקִיף בִּמְלוּכָה.
תּוֹמֵךְ כַּהֲלָכָה.
תְּמִימָיו יֹאמְרוּ לוֹ.
לְךָ וּלְךָ.
לְךָ כִּי לְךָ.
לְךָ אַף לְךָ.
לְךָ יְיָ הַמַּמְלָכָה׃

Quoniam ipsi decorum (est,)
quoniam ipsum decet,
potentam (esse) in regno,
sublevantem jure meritissimo;  
perfecti ejus dicent ipsi,
tibi & tibi,
tibi quoniam tibi,
tibi etiam tibi:
tibi Domine competit Regnum.
Because it is proper for Him,
because it befits Him.
Powerful in his reign; 
assistance, justly his reward.
His perfect ones say to Him:
“Yours and Yours,
Yours because it is Yours,
Yours and only Yours—
Yours, YHVH, is Majesty!”

This is the piyyut, Adir Bimlukhah (also known by its incipit, Ki Lo Na’eh), in its Latin translation by Johann Stephan Rittangel as found in his translation of the Pesaḥ seder haggadah, Liber Rituum Paschalium (1644). The piyyut, first appearing in the 13th century, and, according to Macy Nulman in his Encyclopedia of Jewish Prayer (1992) is based on the midrash in Bereshit Rabbah 6:2 where Psalms 74:16 is brought for interpreting Genesis 1:16 (on the creation of “the two great luminaries”). While the piyyut may not have been originally written for the Passover seder, this midrash on the appropriateness of praising Hashem at night (as on the Seder) for the miracles made at night (as in Mitsrayim) makes the piyyut feel perfectly apposite.

Transcription of the Latin by Isaac Gantwerk Mayer, and of the Hebrew (with English translation of the Latin) by Aharon Varady.

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