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אֶחָד מִי יוֹדֵעַ | Eḥad Mi Yode’a, a Latin translation of the counting song by Johann Stephan Rittangel (1644)

Source (Hebrew) Translation (Latin) Translation (English)

אֶחָד מִי יוֹדֵעַ
אֶחָד אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Unum (est &) quis scit?
unum (illud) ego scio,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra:
Who knows one?
I know one!
One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

שְׁנַיִם מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁנַיִם אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Duo (sunt) & quis scit?
duo illa ego scio,
duæ sunt tabulæ fœderis,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows two?
I know two!
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

שְׁלֹשָׁה מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Tria (sunt &) quis scit?
tria (illa) ego scio,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra:
Who knows three?
I know three!
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

אַרְבַּע מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
אַרְבַּע אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Quatuor sunt & quis scit?
Quatuor (illa) ego scio,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows four?
I know four!
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

חֲמִשָּׁה מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
חֲמִשָּׁה אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
חֲמִשָּׁה חֻמְשֵׁי תוֹרָה.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Quinque (sunt &) quis scit?
quinque (illa) ego scio,
quinque quintuplicati libri legis,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows five?
I know five!
Five are the books of the Torah,
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

שִׁשָּׁה מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שִׁשָּׁה אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה.
חֲמִשָּׁה חֻמְשֵׁי תוֹרָה.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Sex (sunt &) quis scit;
Sex (illa) ego scio,
sex ordines (partes) Mischnæ, (studii Talmudici)
quinque quintuplicati libri legis,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows six?
I know six!
Six are the orders of the Mishnah,
Five are the books of the Torah,
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

שִׁבְעָה מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שִׁבְעָה אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שִׁבְעָה יְמֵי שַׁבְּתָא.
שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה.
חֲמִשָּׁה חֻמְשֵׁי תוֹרָה.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Septem (sunt &) quis scit?
septem (illa) ego scio,
septem dies Sabbathi,
sex ordines Mischnae,
quinque quintuplicati libri legis,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows seven?
I know seven!
Seven are the days of the week,
Six are the orders of the Mishnah,
Five are the books of the Torah,
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

שְׁמוֹנָה מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁמוֹנָה אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁמוֹנָה יְמֵי מִילָה.
שִׁבְעָה יְמֵי שַׁבְּתָא.
שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה.
חֲמִשָּׁה חֻמְשֵׁי תוֹרָה.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Octo (sunt &) quis scit?
octo (illa) ego scio;
octo (sunt) dies circumcisionis,
septem dies Sabbathi,
sex ordines Mischnae,
quinque quintuplicati libri legis,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows eight?
I know eight!
Eight are the days until circumcision,
Seven are the days of the week,
Six are the orders of the Mishnah,
Five are the books of the Torah,
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

תִּשְׁעָה מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
תִּשְׁעָה אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
תִּשְׁעָה יַרְחֵי לֵידָה.
שְׁמוֹנָה יְמֵי מִילָה.
שִׁבְעָה יְמֵי שַׁבְּתָא.
שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה.
חֲמִשָּׁה חֻמְשֵׁי תוֹרָה.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Novem (sunt &) quis scit?
novem (illa) ego scio;
novem (sunt) menses partus,
octo dies circumcisionis,
septem dies Sabbathi,
sex ordines Mischnae,
quinque quintuplicati libri legis,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows nine?
I know nine!
Nine are the months of pregnancy,
Eight are the days until circumcision,
Seven are the days of the week,
Six are the orders of the Mishnah,
Five are the books of the Torah,
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

עֲשָׂרָה מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
עֲשָׂרָה אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
עֲשָׂרָה דִבְּרַיָּא.
תִּשְׁעָה יַרְחֵי לֵידָה.
שְׁמוֹנָה יְמֵי מִילָה.
שִׁבְעָה יְמֵי שַׁבְּתָא.
שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה.
חֲמִשָּׁה חֻמְשֵׁי תוֹרָה.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Decem (sunt &) quis scit?
decem (illa) ego scio;
decem sunt præcepta,
novem menses partus,
octo dies circumcisionis,
septem dies Sabbathi,
sex ordines Mischnae,
quinque quintuplicati libri legis,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus (est) Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows ten?
I know ten!
Ten are the commandments,
Nine are the months of pregnancy,
Eight are the days until circumcision,
Seven are the days of the week,
Six are the orders of the Mishnah,
Five are the books of the Torah,
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

אַחַד עָשָׂר מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
אַחַד עָשָׂר אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
אַחַד עָשָׂר כּוֹכְבַיָּא.
עֲשָׂרָה דִבְּרַיָּא.
תִּשְׁעָה יַרְחֵי לֵידָה.
שְׁמוֹנָה יְמֵי מִילָה.
שִׁבְעָה יְמֵי שַׁבְּתָא.
שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה.
חֲמִשָּׁה חֻמְשֵׁי תוֹרָה.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Undecim (sunt &) quis scit?
undecim (illa) ego scio;
undecim sunt stellæ [in somnio Josephi,] 
decem præcepta,
novem menses partus,
octo dies circumcisionis,
septem dies Sabbathi,
sex ordines Mischnae,
quinque quintuplicati libri legis,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus [est] Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows eleven?
I know eleven!
Eleven are the stars [in Yosef’s dream],
Ten are the commandments,
Nine are the months of pregnancy,
Eight are the days until circumcision,
Seven are the days of the week,
Six are the orders of the Mishnah,
Five are the books of the Torah,
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר שִׁבְטַיָּא.
אַחַד עָשָׂר כּוֹכְבַיָּא.
עֲשָׂרָה דִבְּרַיָּא.
תִּשְׁעָה יַרְחֵי לֵידָה.
שְׁמוֹנָה יְמֵי מִילָה.
שִׁבְעָה יְמֵי שַׁבְּתָא.
שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה.
חֲמִשָּׁה חֻמְשֵׁי תוֹרָה.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Duodecim [sunt &] quis scit?
duodecim (illa) ego scio;
duodecim [sunt] tribus,
undecim stellæ [in somnio Josephi,] 
decem præcepta,
novem menses partus,
octo dies circumcisionis,
septem dies Sabbathi,
sex ordines Mischnae,
quinque quintuplicati libri legis,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus [est] Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows twelve?
I know twelve!
Twelve are the tribes [of Yisrael],
Eleven are the stars [in Yosef’s dream],
Ten are the commandments,
Nine are the months of pregnancy,
Eight are the days until circumcision,
Seven are the days of the week,
Six are the orders of the Mishnah,
Five are the books of the Torah,
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

שְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר מִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ.
שְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר מִדַּיָּא.
שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר שִׁבְטַיָּא.
אַחַד עָשָׂר כּוֹכְבַיָּא.
עֲשָׂרָה דִבְּרַיָּא.
תִּשְׁעָה יַרְחֵי לֵידָה.
שְׁמוֹנָה יְמֵי מִילָה.
שִׁבְעָה יְמֵי שַׁבְּתָא.
שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה.
חֲמִשָּׁה חֻמְשֵׁי תוֹרָה.
אַרְבַּע אִמָּהוֹת.
שְׁלֹשָׁה אָבוֹת.
שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הַבְּרִית.
אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ
שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ׃

Tredecim [sunt &] quis scit?
tredecim illa ego scio;
tredecim [sunt] propietates,
duodecim tribus,
undecim stellæ [in somnio Josephi,] 
decem præcepta,
novem menses partus,
octo dies circumcisionis,
septem dies Sabbathi,
sex ordines Mischnae,
quinque quintuplicati libri legis,
quatuor Matriarchæ,
tres Patriarchæ,
duæ tabulæ fœderis,
unus [est] Deus noster,
qui in cœlis & in terra.
Who knows thirteen?
I know thirteen!
Thirteen are the attributes [of divine mercy],
Twelve are the tribes [of Yisrael],
Eleven are the stars [in Yosef’s dream],
Ten are the commandments,
Nine are the months of pregnancy,
Eight are the days until circumcision,
Seven are the days of the week,
Six are the orders of the Mishnah,
Five are the books of the Torah,
Four are the foremothers,
Three are the forefathers,
Two are the stelae of the covenant,
and One is our elo’ah
in the Heavens and the Earth.

This is the counting song, Eḥad Mi Yodea, in its Latin translation by Johann Stephan Rittangel as found in his translation of the Pesaḥ seder haggadah, Liber Rituum Paschalium (1644). “Eḥad Mi Yode’ah” appears for the first time in the Prague Haggadah (1526) in Hebrew and Yiddish.

Transcription of the Latin by Isaac Gantwerk Mayer, and of the Hebrew (with English translation) by Aharon Varady.

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