Search
Exact matches only
//  Main  //  Menu

 
☰︎ Menu | 🔍︎ Search  //  Main  //   🖖︎ Prayers & Praxes   //   🌞︎ Prayers for the weekday, Shabbat, and season   //   Everyday   //   Daytime   //   Birkhot haShaḥar

בְּנדּיגֿ טוּ שַנט…קִי פִֿיש מִי פְינַה | Blessed are you…who made me a woman, a variation of the morning blessing for Jewish women in Judeo-Provençal (ca. 14-15th c.)

https://opensiddur.org/?p=39363 בְּנדּיגֿ טוּ שַנט...קִי פִֿיש מִי פְינַה | Blessed are you...who made me a woman, a variation of the morning blessing for Jewish women in Judeo-Provençal (ca. 14-15th c.) 2021-10-06 23:00:04 From the Morning Blessings (Birkhot ha-Shaḥar) of the <a href="https://explore.library.leeds.ac.uk/special-collections-explore/115456">Seder tefilot be-targum le-Shuʾadit</a> [סדר תפילות בתרגום לשואדית], a translation of the Siddur into Judaeo-Provençal dating from the 14th-15th century providing the following blessing for women. Text the Open Siddur Project Aharon N. Varady (transcription) Aharon N. Varady (transcription) Unknown Author(s) https://opensiddur.org/copyright-policy/ Aharon N. Varady (transcription) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ Birkhot haShaḥar blessings Jewish Women's Prayers 15th century C.E. 53rd century A.M. Judeo-Provençal
The following is the blessing for women from the Morning Blessings (Birkhot ha-Shaḥar) of the Seder tefilot be-targum le-Shuʾadit [סדר תפילות בתרגום לשואדית] (a translation of the Siddur into Judaeo-Provençal dating from some point in the 14th-15th century).

Many are already familiar with two other formulations of the blessing for women. “Sheasani kirtsono” (who made me according to Their will/desire)[1] Recorded by Yaaqov ben Asher (Cologne, 1270 – Toledo, Spain ca.1340) in the Arba’ah Turim (Oraḥ Ḥayim §46): ברוך אתה ה׳ אלהינו מלך העולם שלא עשאני אשה — שאינה חייבת במצוות עשה שהזמן גרמא. ונהגו הנשים לברך “שעשאני כרצונו,” ואפשר שנוהגים כן, שהוא כמי שמצדיק עליו הדין על הרעה. (“Blessed are you YHVH our elo’ah, cosmic majesty, who did not make me a woman” — because she is not obligated in obligatory time-bound mitsvot. Women have been accustomed to bless “Who made me according to His will,” and it is possible that this practice is like acknowledging the [Divine] justice of adversity). With gratitude to Laurie Novick (Derecheha) for sharing their source sheet is the most familiar as it appears in most nusḥaot today. Likely to be contemporary with the blessing above is the blessing “Sheasitani ishah v’lo ish” (who made me a woman and not a man) that appears in the siddurim of Abraham Farissol from 1471 and 1480.[2] For a nice comparison of images from the 1471 and 1480 volumes, find this article at the National Library of Israel.  The blessing appearing here and in Farrisol’s siddurim are examples from a time in Jewish liturgical history when “sheasani kirtsono” had not yet become the near universally acknowledged variation of the blessing. As George Jochnowitz writes, “Although the Morning Benedictions are generally taken from the Talmud Berakhot 60b, the women’s blessing, ‘who made me according to His will,’ may not be very much older than our Shuʾadit translation. Israel Abrahams, in A Companion to the Authorized Prayerbook, says that it was attested in the first part of the 14th century. Conceivably there were competing variants in the Middle Ages, only one of which has survived to our own time.” More can be read in Jochnowitz’s 1981 article.[3] A version of that article appeared in the April 1981 issue of Commentary


Source (Judeo-Provençal) Romanization (Judeo-Provençal) Translation (English) Translation (Hebrew)
בְּנדּיגֿ טוּ שַנט
בְּנְדְֿיש נוֹשְטְרִי דִּיע
רְיי דַּל שֵגְלְי
קִי פִֿיש מִי פְינַה׃
Benedich tu sant
Benezet nostre Diew
rey dal segle
ke fis mi fena.
Blessed are you,
Lord our God,
king of eternity,
who made me a woman.
בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה
יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ
מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם
שֶׁעַשִּׂתָּנִי אִשָּׁה׃

This blessing appears in MS Roth 32 on the pagespread № 328-329 of the Seder tefilot be-targum le-Shuʾadit [סדר תפילות בתרגום לשואדית] in the collection of the library of the University of Leeds.

Many, many thanks to the Jewish Language Project and Dr. Sarah Benor for bringing this formula of the blessing for Jewish women (and George Jochnowitz’s article) to our attention.

Source(s)

Leeds MS Roth 32 p.328-329 – blessing on making me a woman

 

Notes

Notes
1 Recorded by Yaaqov ben Asher (Cologne, 1270 – Toledo, Spain ca.1340) in the Arba’ah Turim (Oraḥ Ḥayim §46): ברוך אתה ה׳ אלהינו מלך העולם שלא עשאני אשה — שאינה חייבת במצוות עשה שהזמן גרמא. ונהגו הנשים לברך “שעשאני כרצונו,” ואפשר שנוהגים כן, שהוא כמי שמצדיק עליו הדין על הרעה. (“Blessed are you YHVH our elo’ah, cosmic majesty, who did not make me a woman” — because she is not obligated in obligatory time-bound mitsvot. Women have been accustomed to bless “Who made me according to His will,” and it is possible that this practice is like acknowledging the [Divine] justice of adversity). With gratitude to Laurie Novick (Derecheha) for sharing their source sheet.
2 For a nice comparison of images from the 1471 and 1480 volumes, find this article at the National Library of Israel.
3 A version of that article appeared in the April 1981 issue of Commentary.

 PDF (or Print)

 
 
 

 

Comments, Corrections, and Queries