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מַה יְּדִידוּת מְנוּחָתֵךְ | Mah Yedidut M’nuḥatekh, attributed to Menaḥem ibn Saruq (ca. 10th c.)

https://opensiddur.org/?p=37914 מַה יְּדִידוּת מְנוּחָתֵךְ | Mah Yedidut M'nuḥatekh, attributed to Menaḥem ibn Saruq (ca. 10th c.) 2021-06-30 13:38:59 The popular table song for Shabbat. Text the Open Siddur Project Honi Sanders (translation) Honi Sanders (translation) Menaḥem ibn Saruq https://opensiddur.org/copyright-policy/ Honi Sanders (translation) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ Se'udat Leil Shabbat Se'udat Yom Shabbat פיוטים piyyutim Acrostic signature Sabbath Queen 10th century C.E. 48th century A.M. feast of the righteous זמירות zemirot acrostic
Source (Hebrew) Translation (English)
מַה יְּדִידוּת מְנוּחָתֵךְ, אַתְּ שַׁבָּת הַמַּלְכָּה,
בְּכֵן נָרוּץ לִקְרָאתֵךְ, בּֽוֹאִי כַלָּה נְסוּכָה,
לְבוּשׁ בִּגְדֵי חֲמוּדוֹת, לְהַדְלִיק נֵר בִּבְרָכָה,
וַתֵּֽכֶל כָּל הָעֲבוֹדוֹת, לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ מְלָאכָה.
לְהִתְעַנֵּג בְּתַעֲנוּגִים בַּרְבּוּרִים וּשְׂלָו וְדָגִים.
How friendly your rest is, O Queen Shabbat
So we run to meet you, “Come in anointed Queen”
Wearing lovely clothes, lighting candles with a blessing,
All work ceases, “Thou shalt not do any labor”
To enjoy delights, swans, quail, and fish
מֵעֶֽרֶב מַזְמִינִים, כָּל מִינֵי מַטְעַמִּים,
מִבְּעוֹד יוֹם מוּכָנִים, תַּרְנְגוֹלִים מְפֻטָּמִים,
וְלַעֲרֹךְ כַּמָּה מִינִים, שְׁתוֹת יֵינוֹת מְבֻשָּׂמִים,
וְתַפְנוּקֵי מַעֲדַנִּים, בְּכָל שָׁלֹשׁ פְּעָמִים.
The night before we order all types of delicious food
The day of we prepare stuffed chicken
Arranging many types of food, drinking spiced wine
Decadent delicacies, each of three meals
נַחֲלַת יַעֲקֹב יִירָשׁ, בְּלִי מְצָרִים נַחֲלָה,
וִיכַבְּדֽוּהוּ עָשִׁיר וָרָשׁ, וְתִזְכּוּ לִגְאֻלָּה,
יוֹם שַׁבָּת אִם תִּשְׁמֹֽרוּ, וִהְיִֽיתֶם לִי סְגֻלָּה,
שֵׁשֶׁת יָמִים תַּעֲבֹֽדוּ, וּבַשְּׁבִיעִי נָגִֽילָה.
You will inherit the legacy of Yaaqov, a boundless legacy at that
You will be honored by the rich and poor, and will merit salvation
If you guard the Shabbat, you will be for Me a treasure
Six days you shall work, and on the seventh, we make merry!
חֲפָצֶֽיךָ בּוֹ אֲסוּרִים, וְגַם לַחֲשֹׁב חֶשְׁבּוֹנוֹת,
הִרְהוּרִים מֻתָּרִים, וּלְשַׁדֵּךְ הַבָּנוֹת,
וְתִינוֹק לְלַמְּדוֹ סֵֽפֶר, לַמְנַצֵּֽחַ בִּנְגִינוֹת,
וְלַהֲגוֹת בְּאִמְרֵי שֶׁפֶר, בְּכָל פִּנּוֹת וּמַחֲנוֹת.
Your business is forbidden, as is accounting
Thinking is permitted, as is matchmaking
Book learning for the children, “For the conductor, with singing”
Reciting precious sayings, in every corner and camp
הִלּוּכָךְ תְּהֵא בְנַֽחַת, עֹֽנֶג קְרָא לַשַּׁבָּת,
וְהַשֵּׁנָה מְשֻׁבַּֽחַת, כְּדָת נֶֽפֶשׁ מְשִׁיבַת,
בְּכֵן נַפְשִׁי לְךָ עָרְגָה, וְלָנֽוּחַ בְּחִבַּת,
כַּשּׁוֹשַׁנִּים סוּגָה, בּוֹ יָנֽוּחוּ בֵּן וּבַת.
Your walk should be leisurely, Shabbat is called “Enjoyment”
Sleeping is celebrated, to the extent that it restores the soul
So my soul pines for you, to rest in fondness
Like a lily garden, sons and daughters will rest in it
מֵעֵין עוֹלָם הַבָּא, יוֹם שַׁבָּת מְנוּחָה,
כָּל הַמִּתְעַנְּגִים בָּהּ, יִזְכּוּ לְרֹב שִׂמְחָה,
מֵחֶבְלֵי מָשִֽׁיחַ,
יֻצָּֽלוּ לִרְוָחָה,
פְּדוּתֵֽנוּ תַצְמִֽיחַ, וְנָס יָגוֹן וַאֲנָחָה.
A taste of the world to come, the rest of the day of Shabbat
All who enjoy it, will reap great joy
From the travails of the coming of the Moshiaḥ,
they will be delivered to tranquility
Our redemption will sprout, and pain and suffering will vanish

According to the acrostic signature, the author of this piyyut is Menaḥem. Tzvi H. Adams (at the Seforim blog) suggests that this is Menaḥem ibn Saruq (fl. 10th c.). If you know more, please contact us.

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