Elazar ben Moshe Azikri

Rabbi Elazar ben Moshe Azikri (Hebrew: אלעזר בן משה אזכרי‎‎‎) (1533–1600) was a Jewish kabbalist, poet and writer, born in Safed to a Sephardic family who had settled in the Land of Israel after the expulsion from Spain. Rabbi Elazar studied Torah under Rabbi Yosef Sagis and Rabbi Jacob Berab, and is counted with the greatest Rabbis and intellectuals of his time: Shlomo Halevi Alkabetz, Yosef Karo, Moshe Cordovero, Isaac Luria, Israel Najara, etc. In 1588 Rabbi Elazar founded the "Sukat Shalom" movement who acted to arouse in Jews the devotion to religion. Rabbi Elazar died in 1600 and was buried in Safed. Rabbi Elazar's Book, the Sefer Haredim (ספר חרדים), printed after his death in 1600, is considered as one of the main books of Jewish deontology. He also wrote a commentary on Tractate Bezah and Berachot of the Jerusalem Talmud. The Piyyut (liturgical poem) Yedid Nefesh (ידיד נפש) was composed by Rabbi Elazar. (via wikipedia)


יְדִיד נֶפֶשׁ | Yedid Nefesh, translation by Rabbi Sam Seicol

Contributed on: י״ט בשבט ה׳תש״פ (2020-02-14) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Rabbi Sam Seicol | Elazar ben Moshe Azikri |

A variation of the piyyut “Yedid Nefesh” in Hebrew with English translation. . . .

ידיד נפש | Yedid Nefesh attributed to Elazar ben Moshe Azikri ca. 16th c. (Arabic translation by Hillel Farḥi, ca. 1913)

Contributed on: ט״ז בתמוז ה׳תשע״ז (2017-07-10) by Elazar ben Moshe Azikri | Dr. Hillel Farḥi (translation) | Wikisource Contributors (proofreading) |

Yedid Nefesh is a piyyut composed by Elazar ben Moshe Azikri (1533-1600) commonly found in the morning baqashot of Sepharadi siddurim and as a petiḥah for Kabbalat Shabbat in many siddurim. This is a faithful transcription of Yedid Nefesh translated into Arabic from סדור פרחי سدور فرحي Siddur Farḥi (nusaḥ Sefaradi, minhag Egypt 1913, 1917) by Hillel Farḥi (1868-1940). (A copy of Siddur Farhi can be ordered from the Farḥi Foundation here.) Transcription of the Arabic was made by Wikisource contributor Avigdor24, here. Please help to proofread and improve this transcription. Join us in the digital transcription of Siddur Farḥi on Hebrew Wikisource. . . .

יְדִיד נֶפֶשׁ | Yedid Nefesh, interpretive translation by Rabbi Zalman Schachter-Shalomi

Contributed on: כ׳ במרחשון ה׳תשע״ה (2014-11-13) by Zalman Schachter-Shalomi | Elazar ben Moshe Azikri | Unknown Author(s) |

Yedid Nefesh is a piyyut of uncertain authorship. Rabbi Elazar Moshe Azikri (1533-1600) included the piyyut in his Sefer Haḥaredim (1588). (The images below are of pages with Yedid Nefesh handwritten by Azikri.) A version of the piyyut “with noteworthy text, spelling and pointing” may be found on folio 146 (verso) of Samuel b. David b. Solomon’s Commentary On the Book of Numbers (ca. 1437 CE, see Stefan C. Reif, The Hebrew Manuscripts at Cambridge University Libraries: A Description and Introduction Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997, page 93). Presumably, this text was added to the 15th century manuscript sometime in the 17th century after the popularization of Yedid Nefesh. The piyyut has since appeared with a number of variations in various siddurim. . . .