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Friedrich Schiller

Friedrich Schiller

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 1759 – 9 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. Schiller grew up in a very religious family and spent much of his youth studying the Bible. In 1789, he was appointed professor of History and Philosophy in Jena. During the last seventeen years of his life (1788–1805), Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, friendship with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. They frequently discussed issues concerning aesthetics, and Schiller encouraged Goethe to finish works he left as sketches. This relationship and these discussions led to a period now referred to as Weimar Classicism.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Schiller

שִׁיר לְשִׂמְחָה | Shir l’Simḥah, Friedrich Schiller’s An die Freude (ode to Joy) in Hebrew, 1795

Contributed on: ט״ו באדר א׳ ה׳תשע״ו (2016-02-23) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Friedrich Schiller | Unknown Translator(s) |

In 1785 Friedrich Schiller wrote his ‘An die Freude an ode ‘To Joy’, describing his ideal of an equal society united in joy and friendship. Numerous copies and adaptations attest to its popularity at the time. The slightly altered 1803 edition was set to music not only by Ludwig van Beethoven in his Ninth Symphony but also by other composers such as Franz Schubert and Pyotr Tchaikovsky. Hs. Ros. PL B-57 contains a Hebrew translation of the first edition of the ode (apparently rendered before the 1803 alteration), revealing that the spirit of the age even managed to reach the Jewish community in the Netherlands. Whereas the imagery of Schiller’s original is drawn from Greek mythology, the author of the שִׁיר לְשִׂמְחָה relies on the Bible as a source. In fact, he not only utilises Biblical imagery, but successfully avoids any allusion to Hellenistic ideas whatsoever. . . .



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