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Menaḥem ben Makhir

Menaḥem ben Makhir (fl. 11th c.) was German liturgist and a native of Ratisbon. His grandfather, also called Menahem b. Machir, was a nephew of Gershom b. Judah, and he himself was a cousin of Isaac b. Judah, Rashi's teacher. He is quoted in Rashi's "Pardes" (21d, 33c) and in the "Liḳḳuṭe Pardes" (19b; comp. "Pisḳe Reḳanaṭi," No. 589). Menaḥem witnessed the Jewish massacres of 1096 in Germany and commemorated them in a number of seliḥot. His piyyuṭim include: "Adam be-ḳum," for the Esther fast (quoted in Tos. to Ḥag. 11a); "Aḥalleh et pene Adonai," for Yom Kippur minḥah; "Amarer ba-beki," for the 17th of Tammuz; "Lammah Adonai ta'amod" (in ten strophes); a "ḳinah" for the 9th of Ab, beginning "Ebel a'orer"; five "yotserot," including one for the "Naḥamu" Sabbath and one for the "Shuvah" Sabbath; three "ofanim"; three "zulatot"; "Kehosha'ta elim," a "hosha'na" for the Sabbath of Tabernacles; "Ma'ariv," for the Feast of Tabernacles; "Nishmat, to be recited on Simḥat Torah; and a reshut for Ḥatan Torah, to be recited on the same day. Most of his piyyuṭim are alphabetically arranged, but all of them bear the author's signature.


אָדָם בְּקוּם עָלֵֽינוּ | Adam B’qum ‘Alenu, a seliḥah for Taanit Esther by Menaḥem ben Makhir (ca. 11th c.)

Contributed on: 16 Feb 2023 by Isaac Gantwerk Mayer (translation) | Menaḥem ben Makhir |

An alphabetic acrostic seliḥah piyyut for Taanit Esther in Hebrew with English translation . . .

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