Schneur Zalman of Lyadi

Schneur Zalman of Lyadi

Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liady (Hebrew: שניאור זלמן מליאדי‎) (September 4, 1745 – December 15, 1812 O.S. / 18 Elul 5505 - 24 Tevet 5573), was the founder and first Rebbe of the Ḥassidic movement known as ḤaBaD, then based in Liadi, within Imperial Russia. He was the author of many works, and is best known for Shulḥan Arukh HaRav, the Tanya, and his Siddur Torah Or.

סידור תורה אור (נוסח האר״י)‏ | Siddur Torah Ohr, the nusaḥ of the school of Rabbi Yitsḥaq Luria as arranged by the Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Lyadi

Contributed on: כ״ט באב ה׳תש״ע (2010-08-08) by Shmueli Gonzales (transcription) | Schneur Zalman of Lyadi |

When Rav Yiztḥak Luria, zt”l, also known as the Holy Ari, davvened in Eretz Yisroel he brought about a series of liturgical innovations witnessed in later siddurim. His particular nusaḥ bridged minhag Ashkenaz and minhag Sefarad (the customs of the Rheinland Jews and the customs of the Jews of the Iberian Peninsula) with the teachings of his school of Kabbalists. When two centuries later, the Ḥassidic movement blossomed in Eastern Europe, it found purchase in Lithuania among a mystical school centered around Rav Schneur Zalman of Lyady, the Alter Rebbe and founder of the ḤaBaD movement within Ḥassidism. The Alter Rebbe compiled his own siddur, the Siddur Torah Ohr, “according to the tradition of the Ari.” . . .