☞   //   Public Readings, Sources, and Cantillation   //   Meḳorot (Sources)   //   Non-canonical Works   //   Exoteric   //   Second Temple Period

מזמור לבן סירא על זכות אבותינו (פרקים מד-נ)‏ | Paean of Ben Sira on the Merit of the Ancestors (ch. 44-50), vocalized and cantillated with the Poetic Masoretic System by Isaac Gantwerk Mayer

The apocryphal book of Ben Sira is one of the strangest omissions from the Biblical canon. Of all the books in the apocrypha, it’s the one which seems like it *would* be the least controversial — an assortment of traditional wisdom and piety, in the vein of the earlier chapters of Proverbs. It also concludes with an extensive poem lauding the merit of the ancestors, finishing with a glorious acclamation of Shimon ben Yoḥanan the High Priest, also known as the Shimon haTzadik, a beloved figure in rabbinic literature. And unlike the other apocryphal books whose original texts were lost, the Hebrew text of Ben Sira was preserved! So why was this book kept out of the canon, while radical dissents like Kohelet and Job were kept in? Well, probably it just boils down to the fact that Ben Sira signed his name, meaning the text could be dated back to him, and he was late enough that it could not be claimed to be prophetic inspiration. In any case, the influence of Ben Sira on Judaism is probably greater than any other apocryphal book. Not only is it the only apocryphal book openly cited in the Talmud, but its discovery in the Cairo Geniza was what led Solomon Schechter to realize its importance. Not to mention that the glorious poem lauding the ancestors from Chapters 44 to 50 is considered by many scholars to be the original influence for the Yom Kippur Avodah service, and the paean to Shimon the Righteous bears a striking similarity to the beloved piyyut “Mar’eh Khohen.” This passage from Ben Sira, the great paean on the merit of the ancestors, takes the Hebrew text of one of the Cairo Geniza manuscripts — Bodleian MS Heb e62 — and versifies it according to the standard Septuagintal text, along with vocalization and cantillation per the standard Masoretic EMe”T system for poetic books. It could be read on Yom Kippur for the avodah service, or just studied as a fascinating piece of Jewish history.

Note: “The CAUSE” is used to translate the Divine Name YHVH, based on the philosophical idea of God as the Prime Mover and on the interpretation of the Name as a causative form of the copula – “causes to be.”

Source (Hebrew) Translation (English)

44:1 אֲהַלְלָה־נָ֭א אַ֣נְשֵׁי חָ֑סֶד
אֶ֝ת־אֲבוֹתֵ֗ינוּ בְּדֹרֹתָֽם׃
44:2 רַ֬ב כָּב֗וֹד חָלַק לָ֭הֶם עֶלְי֑וֹן
וְ֝גָדְל֗וּ מִיְּמ֣וֹת עוֹלָֽם׃
44:3 רוֹדֵ֨י אֶ֤רֶץ ׀ בְּמַלְכוּתָם֘
וְאַנְשֵׁי־שֵׁ֢ם בִּ֫גְבוּרָתָ֥ם
יוֹעֲצִ֥ים בִּתְבוּנָתָ֑ם
וְ֝חוֹזֵי־כֹּ֗ל בִּנְבוּאָתָֽם׃
44:4 שָׁרִ֨י גּוֹיִ֤ם ׀ בִּמְזִמָּתָ֗ם
וְ֭רוֹזְנִים בִּמְחַקְּרוֹתָ֑ם
חַ֨כְמֵי שִׂ֥יחַ בְּ֝מִסְפַּרְתָּ֗ם
וּמוֹשְׁלִ֥ים בְּמִשְׁמְרוֹתָֽם׃
44:5 חוֹקְרֵ֣י מִזְמ֣וֹר עַל־חֻקּ֑וֹ
נוֹשֵׂ֖א מָשַׁ֣ל בִּכְתָֽב׃
44:6 אַ֣נְשֵׁי חַ֭יִל וְס֣וֹמְכֵי כֹּ֑חַ
וְ֝שׁוֹקְטִ֗ים עַל־מְכוֹנָתָֽם׃
44:7 כׇּל־אֵ֣לֶּה בְּדוֹרָ֣ם נִכְבָּ֑דוּ
וּ֝בִימֵיהֶ֗ם תִּפְאַרְתָּֽם׃
44:1 Let me praise men of piety;
our ancestors in their generations.
44:2 Much honor the Highest apportioned them,
and greatened them from days of old.
44:3 Ruling earth in their kingdom,
and men of renown in their glory;
Advising in their understanding,
and all-seeing in their prophecy.
44:4 Princes of nations in their plans,
and nobles in their plots;
wise of speech in their tales,
and bards in their preserved works.
44:5 Discovering psalms by decree,
masters of riddle by writ.
44:6 Valiant men and firmly strong,
and quiet upon their foundations.
44:7 For these are honored in their generations,
and their glory in their days.

44:8 יֵשׁ־מֵהֶ֣ם הֵנִ֣יחוּ שָׂ֑ם
לְהִשְׁתַּע֥וֹת בְּנַחֲלָתָֽם׃
44:9 וְיֵ֤שׁ מֵהֶ֨ם ׀ אֲשֶׁ֤ר ׀ אֵ֬ין ל֗וֹ זֵ֘כֶר
וַיִּשְׁבְּת֢וּ כַּ֫אֲשֶׁר ׀ שָׁבָ֥תוּ
כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹא־הָי֣וּ הָי֑וּ
וּבְנֵיהֶ֥ם מֵאַחֲרֵיהֶֽם׃
44:10 וְאוּלָ֣ם אֵ֭לֶּה אַ֣נְשֵׁי חָ֑סֶד
וְ֜תִקְוָתָ֗ם לֹ֣א תִּכָּרֵֽת׃
44:11 עִ֣ם זַ֭רְעָם נֶאֱמָ֣ן טוּבָ֑ם
וְ֝נַחֲלָתָ֗ם לִבְנֵ֥י בָּנִֽים׃
44:12 בִּבְרִית־אֵ֣ל יֶאֶרְכ֣וּ זַרְעֵ֑יהֶם
וּ֝מוֹלִידֵ֗יהֶם לְמַעֲנֵֽיהֶם׃ [1]verse not found in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
44:13 עַד־עוֹלָ֣ם יַעֲמֹ֣ד זִכְרָ֑ם
וְ֝צִדְקָתָ֗ם לֹ֥א יִמְחֶֽה׃
44:14 וּגְוִיָתָ֣ם בְּשָׁל֣וֹם נֶאֶסָ֑פָה
וּשְׁמָ֣ם חַ֖י לְד֣וֹר וָדֽוֹר׃
44:15 חׇכְמָתָ֣ם תִּשְׁנֶ֣ה עֵדָ֑ה
וּ֝תְּהִלָּתָ֗ם יְסַפֵּ֣ר קָהָֽל׃
44:8 Some of them left a name,
to be paid attention to in their inheritance.
44:9 And some of them have no remembrance,
and it ceased as they ceased,
As they were not, it was,
and their sons after them.
44:10 And yet these too were men of piety,
and their hope is not cut off.
44:11 With their seed their good is kept,
and their inheritance for their children’s children.
44:12 In God’s covenant their seed as extended,
and their generations for their sake.[2]Verse not found in Hebrew manuscript.
44:13 Until eternity their memory will stand,
and their righteousness will not be erased.
44:14 And their bodies will be gathered in peace,
and their names live to each generation.
44:15 Their wisdom the community will repeat,
and their praises the congregation will tell.

44:16 חֲנ֡וֹךְ ׀ נִמְצָ֣א תַּ֭מִּים וְהִתְהַלֵּ֣ךְ עִם־יהו֑ה
וְנִלְקַ֥ח א֝וֹת־דַּ֗עַת לְד֥וֹר וָדֽוֹר׃
44:17 נֹ֨חַ צַדִּ֤יק ׀ נִמְצָ֬א תַּמִּ֗ים
לְעֵת֮ כָּלָ֢ה הָיָ֫ה תַּחֲלִ֖יף
בַּעֲבוּר֣וֹ הָיָ֣ה שְׁאֵרִ֑ית
וּ֝בִבְרִית֗וֹ חֲדַ֣ל מַבּֽוּל׃
44:18 בְּא֣וֹת ע֭וֹלָם נִכְרַ֣ת עִמּ֑וֹ
לְבִלְתִּ֖י הִשְׁחִ֣ית כׇּל־בָּשָֽׂר׃
44:16 Ḥanokh was found pure and walked with the CAUSE,
and was taken, a known sign for each generation.
44:17 Noaḥ the righteous was found pure;
at a time of destruction was a replacement,
For his sake there was a remnant,
and by his covenant the deluge retreated.
44:18 As an eternal sign cut with him,
never to destroy all flesh.

44:19 אַבְרָהָ֗ם אָ֭ב הֲמ֣וֹן גּוֹיִ֑ם
לֹ֨א נָתַ֥ן בִּ֝כְבוֹד֗וֹ דָּפִֽי׃
44:20 אֲשֶׁ֤ר שָׁמַ֨ר ׀ מִצְוַ֥ת עֶלְיוֹן֘
וּבָ֢א בִּבְרִ֫ית עִמּ֖וֹ
בִּ֭בְשָׂרוֹ כָּרַ֣ת ל֣וֹ חֹ֑ק
וּ֝בְנִסּוּ֗י נִמְצָ֣א נֶאֱמָֽן׃
44:21 עַל־כֵּ֡ן ׀ בִּשְׁבוּעָ֤ה ׀ הֵקִ֬ים ל֗וֹ
לְבָרֵךְ֘ בְּזַרְע֢וֹ גּ֫וֹיִ֖ם
לְהַנְחִילָ֣ם מַ֣יִם וְעַד־יָ֑ם
וּמִנָּ֖הָר וְעַד־אַ֥פְסֵי אָֽרֶץ׃
44:19 Avraham a father of many nations,
no blemish found in his glory.
44:20 Who kept the commandment of the Highest,
and went in the covenant with him;
Cut a law into his flesh,
and in testing found faithful.
44:21 Thus, in an oath he was held up,
to bless the nations with his seed,
To inherit from the water to the sea,
and from the river to the end of the earth.

44:22 וְגַ֤ם לְיִצְחָ֨ק ׀ הֵקִ֬ים כֵּ֗ן
בַּ֭עֲבוּר אַבְרָהָ֣ם אָבִ֑יו
בְּרִ֣ית כׇּל־רִאשׁ֣וֹן נָתָֽנוּ׃
44:23 וּבְרָכָ֗ה נָחָה֘ עַל־רֹא֢שׁ יִ֬שְׂרָאֵ֖ל 
וַיְכוֹנְנֶה֥וּ בִּכְבוּדָ֑ה
וַיִּתֵּ֣ן ל֣וֹ נַחֲלָתֽוֹ׃
44:24 וַיַּצִּיבֵ֗הוּ לַ֘שְּׁבָטִ֖ים
לְחֵ֨לֶק שְׁנֵ֬ים עָשָׂ֗ר
וַיּוֹצִ֣א מִמֶּ֣נוּ אִ֑ישׁ
וּ֝מָצָא חֵ֗ן בְּעֵינֵ֥י כׇּל־חַֽי׃
44:22 And also, to Yitsḥaq it was held up,
for the sake of Avraham his father,
A covenant of the firstborn he gave.
44:23 And a blessing, to rest on the head of Yisrael,
And he set him in glory,
and gave him his inheritance.
44:24 And he established it to the tribes,
apportioning twelve,
And brought from them a man,
who found grace in the eyes of all life.

45:1 אָה֣וּב אֱ֭לֹהִים וַאֲנָשִׁ֑ים
מֹשֶׁ֖ה זִכְר֣וֹ לְטוֹבָֽה׃
45:2 וַ֭יְכַבְּדֵֽהוּ כִּקְדוֹשֵׁ֣י אֱלֹהִ֑ים
וַ֝יְאַמְּצֻ֗הוּ בַּמּוֹרָאִֽים׃
45:3 בִּדְבָר֤וֹ ׀ הִשְׁבִּ֬ית חַרְטֻמִּ֗ים
וַ֭יְחַזְּקֵֽהוּ לִפְנֵ֣י מֶ֑לֶךְ
וַיְצַוֵּ֣הוּ אֶל־עַמּ֖וֹ
וַיַּרְאֵ֣הוּ אֶת־כְּבוֹדֽוֹ׃
45:4 בֶּאֱמוּנָת֣וֹ וּבְעַנְוְתָנוּת֑וֹ
וֵאלֹהִ֥ים בָּ֝חַר־בּ֗וֹ מִכׇּל־בָּשָֽׂר׃
45:5 וַיַּשְׁמִיעֵ֤הוּ אֶת־קוֹל֨וֹ ׀ 
וַיַּגִּישֵׁ֬הוּ לַעֲרָפֶ֗ל
וַיִּתֵּ֤ן בְּיָד֨וֹ מִצְוָ֗ה
תּוֹרַת֘ חַיִּ֢ים וּ֫תְבוּנָ֥ה
לְלַמֵּ֣ד בְּיַעֲקֹ֣ב חֻקָּ֑יו
וְעֵדְוֹתָ֣יו וּ֝מִשְׁפָּטָ֗יו לְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
45:1 Beloved of God and men,
Moshe, his memory be for good!
45:2 And God glorified him like the holy ones,
and strengthened him with awe.
45:3 By his word, the thaumaturges ceased,
and he was made strong before the king,
And commanded to the people,
and they saw his glory.
45:4 In his trust and in his humility,
God chose him of all flesh.
45:5 And made him hear the Divine Voice,
and drew him near to a cloud,
And placed the commandment in his hand,
a Teaching of life and understanding;
To teach Ya’aqov its laws,
and its precepts and judgements to Israel.

45:6 וַיָּרֶ֬ם קָד֗וֹשׁ אֶת־אַהֲרֹ֖ן לְמַטֶּ֣ה לֵוִֽי׃
45:7 וַיְשִׂימֵ֡הוּ ׀ לְחׇק־עוֹלָ֤ם ׀
וַיִּ֬תֵּן ל֗וֹ הוֹדוֹ֘
וַיְשָׁרְתֵ֢הוּ בִּ֫בְרָכָ֥ה
וַ֭יְאַזְּרֵהוּ בְּתוֹעֲפ֣וֹת רְאֵ֣ם תָּא֑וֹר
וַ֝יַּלְבִּשֵׁ֗הוּ פַּעֲמוֹנִ֣ים תְּעוּפָֽה׃
45:8 וַיַּלְבִּשֵׁ֤הוּ ׀ כָּלִ֬יל תִּפְאַרְתּ֗וֹ
וַ֭יְפָאֲרֵֽהוּ בְּכָב֣וֹד וָעֹ֑ז
מְכַנְּסִ֣ים כְּתֹ֣נֶת וּמְעִֽיל׃
45:9 וַיַּקִּיפֵ֨הוּ ׀ פַּעֲמוֹנִ֗ים
וְרִמּוֹנִים֘ הָמ֢וֹן סָ֫בִ֥יב
לָתֵ֣ת נְ֭עִימָה בִּצְעָדָ֑יו
לְהַשְׁמִ֗יעַ בִּדְבִ֥יר ק֝וֹל֗וֹ
לְזִכָּר֣וֹן לִפְנֵי־עַמּֽוֹ׃
45:10 בִּגְדֵ֤י קֹ֨דֶשׁ ׀ זָהָ֗ב תְּכֵ֥לֶת וְ֭אַרְגָּמָן
מַעֲשֶׂ֣ה חֹשֵׁ֑ב
חֹשֶׁ֣ן מִ֝שְׁפָּ֗ט אֹפ֣וֹת וֶאֱזֹֽר׃
45:11 וּשְׁנִ֤י תּוֹלַעַ֨ת ׀ מַעֲשֶׂ֬ה אוֹרֵ֗ג
אַ֨בְנֵי חֵ֤פֶץ ׀ עַל־הַחֹ֗שֶׁן
פְּתוּחֵ֬י חוֹתָ֗ם בִּ֫מְלוּאִ֥ים
כׇּל־אֶ֬בֶן יְקָרָ֗ה לְ֭זִכְרוֹן בִּכְתָ֣ב חָר֑וּת
לְ֝מִסְפַּ֗ר שִׁבְטֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
45:12 עֲטֶרֶ֨ת פַּ֤ז ׀ מְעִ֨יל ׀ וּמִצְנֶ֗פֶת
וְצִיץ֘ חָרוּת־בּ֢וֹ שֵׁ֫ם הַקֹּ֥דֶשׁ
הוֹד־כָּב֥וֹד וּתְהִלַּ֣ת עַ֑ז
מַֽחְמַד־עַיִ֣ן וּפְאֵ֣ר יֹֽפִי׃
45:13 לְפָנָ֡יו ׀ לֹ֣א־הָיָ֣ה כָּזֶ֬ה לְעוֹלָ֗ם
לֹ֨א לָבַשׁ֘ כָּמֹ֢הוּ אִ֫ישׁ זָ֥ר
הֶאֱמִין־ל֥וֹ וּלְבָנָ֥יו כָּזֶ֑ה
וְלִבְנֵ֥י בָּ֝נָ֗יו לְדֹרֹתָֽם׃
45:14 מִ֭נְחָתוֹ כָּלִ֣יל תִּקְטֹ֑ר
וְכׇל־י֖וֹם תָּמִ֣יד פַּעֲמָֽיִם׃
45:15 וַיְמַלֵּ֤א מֹשֶׁ֨ה ׀ אֶת־יָדוֹ֘
וַיִּמְשָׁחֵ֢הוּ בְּשֶׁ֫מֶן הַקֹּדֶ֥שׁ
וַֽתְּהִי־ל֣וֹ בְּרִ֣ית עוֹלָ֑ם
וּלְזַרְע֣וֹ כִּימֵ֣י שָׁמָֽיִם׃
45:16 לְשָׁרֵ֣ת וּלְכַ֣הֵן ל֑וֹ
וּלְבָרֵ֥ךְ אֶ֝ת־עַמּ֗וֹ בִּשְׁמֽוֹ׃
45:17 וַיִּבְחַ֬ר־בּ֗וֹ מִכׇּל־חַי֘
לְהַגִּ֢ישׁ עָלָ֫ה וַחֲלָבִ֥ים
וּלְהַקְטִ֗יר רֵ֣יחַ נִיחֹ֣חַ וְאַזְכָּרָ֑ה
וּ֝לְכַפֵּ֗ר עַל־בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
45:6 And God raised to holiness Aharon of the tribe of Levi.
45:7 And set for him an eternal law,
And gave him Divine beauty,
to minister to God in blessing,
And girt him in the wild-ox’s splendid light,
and clothed him in waving bells.
45:8 And clothed him all in beauty,
and beautified him in glory and strength,
Breeches, tunic, and robe.
45:9 And adorned him with bells
And many pomegranates surrounding,
to make sweet song with his steps,
To be heard in the inner sanctum,
as a remembrance before the people.
45:10 Holy clothes, gold, purple and crimson,
crafted work,
A judgement breastplate, ephod, and belt.
45:11 And a scarlet thread, woven work,
Precious stones upon the breastplate,
sealed and engraved in openings,
Each gemstone as a remembrance engraved writ
to the number of the tribes of Israel.
45:12 A golden crown, robe, and turban,
and a headband on which is carved the Holy Name,
Splendid, glorious, praised and mighty,
pleasant to the eye and all beauty.
45:13 Before him there was never another in existence,
and no stranger dressed like him,
Kept for him and his sons like this,
and his son’s sons forever.
45:14 His offering was all smoked,
and every day the daily rite, twice.
45:15 And Moses filled his hand,
and anointed him with the holy oil,
And he had an eternal covenant,
and for his seed, in the days of heaven.
45:16 To minister and officiate for God,
and bless God’s people by the Divine Name.
45:17 And he was chosen over all life,
to bring in the whole-offering and suet,
And smoke a sweet smell and memorial,
and to atone for the children of Israel.

45:18 וַיִּ֤תֶּן ל֨וֹ ׀ כׇּל־מִצְוֹתָ֗יו
וַיַּמְשִׁילֵ֗הוּ בְּחֹ֫ק וּמִשְׁפָּ֥ט
וַיְּלַמֵּ֣ד אֶת־עַמּ֣וֹ חֹ֑ק
וּמִשְׁפָּ֖ט אֶת־בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
45:19 וַיֶּ֬חֱרוּ ב֗וֹ זָרִים֘ וַיְקַנְאוּ־ב֢וֹ בַּ֫מִּדְבָּ֥ר
אַנְשֵׁ֣י דָּתָ֣ן וַאֲבִירָ֑ם
וַעֲדַ֣ת קֹ֖רַח בְּעִזּ֥וּז אַפָּֽם׃
45:20 וַיָּ֤רְא ׀ יהו֗ה וַיִּתְאַנַּף֘
וַיִּכָּלֵ֢ם בַּחֲר֫וֹן אַפּ֥וֹ
וַיָּבֹ֣א לָהֶ֣ם א֑וֹת
וַ֜יֹּאכְלֵ֗ם בִּשְׁבִ֣יב אִשּֽׁוֹ׃
45:18 And God gave him all the commandments,
and had him lead in law and judgment,
And he taught his people law,
and judgement to the children of Israel.
45:19 And strangers grew angry and jealous of him in the desert,
the men of Datan and Aviram,
And the community of Qoraḥ in mighty rage.
45:20 And the CAUSE saw and was enraged,
and ended them in anger,
and brought to them a sign,
and consumed them all in fire.

45:21 וַיּ֤רֶם לְאַהֲרֹ֨ן ׀ כְּבוֹד֗וֹ
וַיִּֽתֵּן־ל֭וֹ נַחֲלָת֑וֹ
רֵאשִׁ֣ית כׇּל־קֹ֖דֶשׁ נָ֣תַן־לוֹ לָֽחֶם׃
45:22 אִשֵּׁ֨י יהו֤ה ׀ יֹאכְל֗וּן
כִּ֣י אֶת־זִבְחֵ֣י י֭הוה יְחַלֶּ֑קוּ
וּ֝מַתָּנָה־ל֗וֹ וּלְזַרְעֽוֹ׃
45:23 אַ֡ךְ ׀ עִ֣ם עַ֭מּוֹ לֹ֣א יִנְחַ֑ל.
וּ֝בְתוֹכָ֗ם לֹ֣א יְחַלֵּ֣ק נָחֲלָֽה׃
45:24 אִ֬שֵּׁי יהו֗ה ל֣וֹ וּ֝לְזַרְע֗וֹ.
בְּקֶ֣רֶב כׇּל־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
45:21 And raised Aharon in glory,
and gave him his inheritance,
the first of all holy, bread given him.
45:22 The fires of the CAUSE consumed them,
for they apportioned the sacrifices of the CAUSE,
Given to him and his seed.
45:23 Yet with his people he would not inherit,
Nor among them receive a portion.
45:24 The first of the CAUSE are his and his seed,
In the midst of all Israel.

45:25 וְגַ֓ם ׀ פִּינְחָ֨ס בֶּן־אֶלְעָזָ֤ר ׀
בִּגְבוּרָ֗ה הָיָ֬ה שְׁלִישִׁ֗י לְכָבוֹד֘
בְּקַנְּא֢וֹ לֶאֱלֹ֫הֵי כֹּ֥ל
וַיַּעְמֹ֣ד בְּפֶ֣רֶץ עַ֭מּוֹ
אֲשֶׁ֣ר נָדְב֣וּ לִבּ֑וֹ
וַ֝יְכַפֵּ֗ר עַל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
45:26 לָכֵ֡ן ׀ גַּ֤ם ל֨וֹ ׀ הֵקִ֬ים חֹ֗ק
בְּרִ֥ית שָׁלוֹם֘ לְכַלְכֵּ֢ל מִ֫קְדָּ֥שׁ
אֲשֶׁר־תִּהְיֶה־ל֣וֹ וּלְזַרְע֑וֹ
כְּהֻנָּ֣ה גְּ֝דוֹלָ֗ה עַד־עוֹלָֽם׃
45:25 And also Pinḥas son of El’azar,
In might a third of glory;
in his zeal for the God of All
He stood in the people’s breach
and set noble his heart,
and atoned for the children of Israel.
45:26 Thus, for him as well law was set,
a covenant of peace to work the Temple,
which would be his and his seed,
a great priesthood forever.

45:27 וְגַ֨ם בְּרִית֤וֹ ׀ עִם־דָּוִד֘
בֶּן־יִשַׁי֢ לְמַטֶּ֫ה יְהוּדָ֤ה
נַחֲלַת־אֵ֣שׁ לִפְנֵ֣י כְבוֹד֑וֹ
נַחֲלַ֥ת אַ֝הֲרֹ֗ן לְכׇל־זָרְעֽוֹ׃
45:28 וְעַתָּ֓ה ׀ בָּרְכוּ־נָ֥א אֶת־יהו֥ה הַטּ֑וֹב
הַמְּעַטֵּ֥ר אֶ֝תְכֶ֗ם כָּבֽוֹד׃
45:29 וַיִּתֵּ֥ן לָכֶ֣ם חׇכְמַ֣ת לֵ֑ב
לְמַֽעַן־לֹא־יִשְׁכַּ֥ח טוּבְכֶ֥ם
דּ֝וֹרוֹתֵכֶ֗ם לְדוֹר֥וֹת עוֹלָֽם׃
45:27 And the covenant with David,
son of Yishai of the tribe of Judah,
a fire-portion before God’s glory,
the portion of Aharon and all his seed.
45:28 And now, please bless the good CAUSE,
who crowns you with glory.
45:29 And gave you a wise heart,
that it does not forget your good,
in your generation, for eternal generations.

46:1 גִּבּ֤וֹר בֶּן־חַ֨יִל ׀ יְהוֹשֻׁ֬עַ בִּן־נ֗וּן
מְשָׁרֵ֤ת ׀ מֹשֶׁ֬ה בִּנְבוּאָ֗ה
אֲשֶׁ֨ר נוֹצַר֘ לִהְי֢וֹת בְּ֫יָמָ֥יו
תְּשׁוּעָ֣ה גְּדֹלָ֣ה לִבְחִירָ֑יו
לְהִנָּקֵ֥ם נִקְמִ֥י א֝וֹיֵ֗ב
וּלְהַנְחִ֣יל אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
46:2 מַ֣ה נֶ֭הְדָּר בִּנְט֣וֹתוֹ יָ֑ד
בַּ֝הֲנִיפ֗וֹ כִּיד֥וֹן עַל־עִֽיר׃
46:3 מִ֤י ה֨וּא ׀ לְ֭פָנָיו יִתְיַצֵּ֑ב
כִּ֗י מִלְחֲמ֣וֹת י֝הו֗ה נִלְוֶֽה׃
46:4 הֲלֹ֣א בְּ֭יָדוֹ עָמַ֣ד הַשָּׁ֑מֶשׁ
י֣וֹם אֶ֖חָד הָיָ֣ה יוֹמָֽיִם׃
46:5 כִּ֨י קָרָ֤א ׀ אֶל־אֵ֬ל עֶלְי֗וֹן
בְּאָבְד֣וֹ כׇּל־אוֹיֵ֣ב מִסָּבִ֑יב
וַיַּעֲנֵ֬הוּ־אֵ֗ל בְּאַבְנֵ֣י בָרָ֖ד
גְּדוֹל֣וֹת וְאֶלְגָּבִֽישׁ׃
46:6 וַיַּשְׁלֵ֤ךְ ׀ עַל־עַ֤ם שׂוֹנֵ֨א ׀
וּבְמַפַּלְתָּ֣ם אָבַ֬ד צָ֗ר
לְמַ֘עַן֘ דַּעַ֢ת כָּל־גּוֹיֵ֫י חֵ֥רֶם
כִּ֭י צוֹפֶ֣ה יהו֣ה מִלְחַמְתָּ֑ם
גַּ֥ם ה֣וּא מָ֝לֵ֗א אַ֣חֲרֵי אֵֽל׃
46:1 A valiant warrior, Yehoshua’ son of Nun,
ministering to Moshe in prophecy,
Of whom, made to be in his days
was a great victory for the chosen ones,
To avenge the vengeance of the enemy
and possess Israel.
46:2 How splendid as he stretched his hand,
waving his spear at a city!
46:3 Who could stand before him?
The wars of the CAUSE he joined.
46:4 Was it not by his hand the sun stood still?
One day became doubled!
46:5 For he called to the Highest God,
as the enemies were lost around him,
and God answered him with hailstones,
big ones, and ice.
46:6 And cast them down on a hateful people,
and with their fall the stressor was lost —
So that every banned people would know
that the CAUSE watches your wars —
And he was fully following God.

46:7 וּבִימֵ֤י מֹשֶׁ֨ה ׀ עָ֬שָׂה חֶ֗סֶד
ה֨וּא ׀ וְכָלֶ֬ב בֶּן־יְפֻנֶּ֗ה
לְהִתְיַצֵּ֣ב בְּפֶ֣רַע קָהָ֑ל
לְהָשִׁ֣יב חֲ֝ר֗וֹן מֵעֵדָֽה׃
46:8 לָכֵ֡ן ׀ גַּם־הֵ֤ם בַּשָּׁנִ֨ים ׀ נֶאֶצְל֗וּ
מִשֵּׁשׁ־מֵאוֹת֘ אֶ֢לֶף רַ֫גְלִ֥י
לַהֲבִיאָ֣ם אֶל־נַחֲלָתָ֑ם
אֶ֝֗רֶץ זָבַ֣ת חָלָ֣ב וּדְבָֽשׁ׃
46:9 וַיִּתֵּ֤ן לְכָלֶ֨ב ׀ עׇצְמָ֗ה
וְעַ֬ד שֵׂיבָ֗ה עָמְדָ֫ה עִמּ֥וֹ
לְהַדְרֵיכֶ֣ם עַל־בָּ֣מֳתֵי אָ֑רֶץ
וְגַ֣ם זַ֝רְע֗וֹ יָרַ֣שׁ נָחֲלָֽה׃
46:10 לְמַ֣עַן דַּֽ֭עַת כׇּל־זֶ֣רַע יַעֲקֹ֑ב
כִּי־ט֣וֹב לְמַלֵּ֣א אַחֲרֵ֣י יהוֽה׃
46:7 And in the days of Moses he did piety,
he and Kalev son of Yefunneh,
standing in the rioting community,
turning back rage from the congregation.
46:8 Thus, they both were promoted in their years,
over six hundred thousand foot-soldiers,
to bring them to their inheritance,
earth flowing with milk and honey.
46:9 And gave to Kalev strength,
and until old age it stood with him,
To guide him on the heights of the earth,
and his seed as well received an inheritance.
46:10 So that all the seed of Ya’aqov would know
that it is good to fully follow after the CAUSE.

46:11 וְהַשּׁוֹפְטִ֗ים אִ֥ישׁ בִּשְׁמוֹ֘
כׇּל־אֲשֶׁ֢ר לֹא־נָשָׂ֫א לִבּ֥וֹ
וְלֹ֣א נָס֣וֹג מֵאַ֣חֲרֵי אֵ֑ל
יְהִ֣י זִ֝כְרָ֗ם לִבְרָכָֽה׃
46:12 עַ֭צְמוּתָם כַּשּׁוֹשַׁנִּ֣ים תִּפְרַ֑חְנָה[3]first verset not found in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
וּ֝שְׁמָ֗ם תַּחֲלִ֥יף לִבְנֵיהֶֽם׃
46:11 And the judges, each with their name,
each one who did not turn his heart,
Nor swerve from after God;
may their memories be blessed.
46:12 Their bones like lilies will flower[4]First verset not found in Hebrew manuscript.,
and their names remain for their descendants.

46:13 נָזִי֨ר אוֹהֵ֤ב עַמּ֨וֹ ׀ וְרָצוּ֨י עוֹשֵׂ֤הוּ
׀ הַשָּׁא֡וּל ׀ מִבֶּ֨טֶן אִמּ֤וֹ
׀ נָזִ֥יר יהו֬ה בִּנְבוּאָ֗ה
שְׁמוּאֵל֘ שׁוֹפֵ֢ט וּ֫מְכַהֵ֥ן
נָבִיא־אֵ֭ל הֵכִ֣ין מַמְלָכ֑וֹת
וַיִּמְשַׁ֣ח נְגִידִ֣ים עַל־עַֽם׃
46:14 בְּחֻקּ֣וֹ צִוָּ֣ה עֵדָ֑ה
וַ֝יִּפְקֹ֗ד אֱלֹהֵ֥י יַעֲקֹֽב׃
46:15 בְּ֭רוּחוֹ חֲז֣וֹן קֹ֣דֶשׁ חָזָ֑ה
וְגַ֥ם בִּ֝דְבָר֗וֹ נֶאֱמָ֥ן רוֹאֶֽה׃
46:16 וְגַ֤ם ה֨וּא ׀ קָרָ֬א עַל־אֵ֗ל
וַיְשַׁבֵּר֘ כׇּל־אוֹיְבָ֢יו מִ֫סָּבִ֥יב
בְּהַעֲלוֹת֣וֹ טְלֵ֣ה חָלָ֑ב
עוֹלֶ֖ה כָּלִ֣יל לַיהוֽה׃
46:17 וַיַּרְעֵ֣ם מִשָּׁמַ֣יִם אֵ֑ל
בְּפֶ֥קַע אַ֝דִּ֗יר נִשְׁמַ֥ע קוֹלֽוֹ׃
46:18 וַ֭יִּכָּנַע נְצִ֣יבֵי צָ֑ר
וַ֝יְאַבֵּ֗ד אֶת־כׇּל־סַרְנֵ֣י פְלִשְׁתִּֽים׃
46:19 וְעֵ֨ת נוּח֤וֹ ׀ עַל־מִשְׁכָּב֗וֹ
הֵעִיד֘ יהו֢ה וּ֫מְשִׁיח֥וֹ
כּוֹפֵ֣ר וְ֭נֶעְלָם מִמִּ֣י לָקַחְתִּ֑י
וְ֝כׇל־אָדָ֗ם לֹ֥א עָֽנָה־בֽוֹ׃
46:20 וְגַ֡ם ׀ עַ֤ד עֵ֨ת ׀ קִצּ֗וֹ
נָ֨וֹן ׀ נִמְצָ֡א ׀ בְּעֵינֵ֤י יהו֨ה ׀
וּבְעֵינֵ֬י כׇּל־חַ֗י ׀
וְגַ֗ם ׀ אַחֲרֵי֘ מוֹת֢וֹ נִ֫דְרָ֥שׁ
וַיַּ֣גֵּד לַמֶּ֣לֶךְ דְּרָכָ֑יו
וַיִּשָּׂ֥א מֵ֝אֶ֗רֶץ קוֹל֥וֹ בִּנְבוּאָֽה׃
46:13 A monk, popularly beloved, desired by his Maker;
requested from his mother’s womb;
A monk of the CAUSE in prophecy,
Shmuel, judge and officiant,
Prophet of God, established the kingdom,
and anointed princes over the people.
46:14 With his law the congregation was commanded,
and the God of Ya’aqov accounted for them.
46:15 In whose Spirit a holy vision he envisioned,
and by his word faith was seen.
46:16 And he as well called upon God,
who shattered all his enemies around him;
As he offered up lamb suet,
a whole-offering to the CAUSE.
46:17 And God thundered from heaven,
with great crashes God’s thunder was heard.
46:18 And he subdued the chiefs of the stressors,
and caused loss for the Philistine tyrants.
46:19 As the time came to rest on his deathbed,
he testified “By the CAUSE and the anointed,
from whom did I take a bribe or hush-money?”
and nobody answered him.
46:20 And also, until the end of his time,
he was found right in the eyes of the CAUSE,
And in the eyes of all life,
and also after he died he expounded,
And told the king his ways,
and his voice lifted from the ground in prophecy.

47:1 וְגַ֣ם אַ֭חֲרָיו עָמַ֣ד נָתַ֑ן
לְ֝הִתְיַצֵּ֗ב לִפְנֵ֥י דָּוִֽד׃
47:2 כִּ֓י ׀ בַּחֵ֣לֶב מוּרָ֣ם מִקֹּ֑דֶשׁ
כֵּ֥ן דָּ֝וִ֗ד מִיִּשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
47:3 לַכְּפִירִ֣ים שָׂחַ֣ק כְּגָ֑דִי
וּ֝לְדֻבִּ֗ים כִּבְנֵ֥י בָּשָֽׁן׃
47:4 בִּנְעוּרָ֤יו ׀ הִכָּ֬ה גִּבּ֗וֹר
וַיָּ֬סׇר חֶרְפַּ֘ת עוֹלָ֥ם
בַּהֲנִ֣יפוֹ יָד֣וֹ עַל־קָ֑לַע
וַיִּשְׁבֹּ֖ר תִּפְאֶ֣רֶת גׇּלְיָֽת׃
47:5 כִּ֬י קָרָ֗א אֶל־אֵ֥ל עֶלְיוֹן֘ וַיִּתֵּ֢ן בִּימִינ֫וֹ עֹ֥ז
לְהַדֵּ֣ף אֶת־אִ֣ישׁ י֭וֹדֵֽעַ מִלְחָמ֑וֹת
וּ֝לְהָרִ֗ים אֶת־קֶ֥רֶן עַמּֽוֹ׃
47:6 עַל־כֵּ֡ן ׀ עָ֤נוּ־ל֨וֹ ׀ בָּ֘נוֹ֥ת
וַיְכַנּ֖וּהוּ בִּבְרָכָ֑ה
בַּ֝עֲטוֹת֗וֹ צָנִ֥יף נִלְחָֽם׃
47:7 וּמִסָּבִ֗יב ׀ הִכְנִ֬יעַ צָ֗ר
וַיִּתֶּ֣ן בַּפְּלִשְׁתִּ֣ים עָרִ֑ים
וְעַד־הַ֖יּוֹם שָׁבַ֣ר קַרְנָֽם׃
47:8 בְּכׇל־מַעֲשֵׂ֤הוּ ׀ נָתַ֨ן ׀ הֹד֗וֹת
לְאֵ֬ל עֶלְי֗וֹן בְּאִמְרֵ֫י כָּב֥וֹד
בְּ֭כׇל־לִבּוֹ אוֹהֵ֣ב עוֹשֵׂ֑הוּ
וּ֝בְכׇל־י֗וֹם עָֽשָׂה־חֶ֣סֶד רַֽב׃
47:9 נְגִֽינוֹת־שִׁ֣יר הֵ֭כִין
לְמ֣וּל הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ
וְקֹ֣ל מִזְמ֣וֹר הַנָּעִֽים׃
47:10 וַיִּתֶּ֤ן ׀ לְחַגִּ֨ים ׀ הָדַ֗ר
וַיְפָאֵ֨ר מוֹעֲדִ֗ים בְּ֘רִנָּ֥ה
בְּהַלְּל֣וֹ אֶת־שֵׁ֣ם קׇדְ֑שׁוֹ
לִפְנֵ֥י בֹּ֗֝קֶר יָרִ֣ין בַּקֹּֽדֶשׁ׃
47:11 וגַּ֨ם יְהֹוָ֤ה ׀ הֶעֱבִ֬יר פִּשְׁע֗וֹ
וַיָּ֘רֶם לְעוֹלָ֢ם קַ֫רְנ֥וֹ
וַיִּֽתֵּן־ל֣וֹ חֹ֣ק מַמְלָ֑כֶת
וְכִסְּא֣וֹ הֵכִ֣ין עַל־יְרוּשָׁלָֽיִם׃
47:1 And also, after him, Natan stood up,
to stand before David,
47:2 For just as the suet is the holiest part,
so is David from Israel.
47:3 For lions played like a kid goat,
and bears like Bashan cattle.
47:4 In his youth he slayed a great one,
and chastised with eternal shame,
As he lifted his hand to the slingshot
and shattered the glory of Golyat.
47:5 For he called to the Highest God who gave his hand strength,
to hold back an expert warrior,
And to raise the horn of his people.
47:6 Thus, girls called back at him,
And he was set in blessing,
making war while crowned in a turban.
47:7 And around him he subdued the stressors,
and gave it to the Philistine cities,
And to this day their horn is broken.
47:8 In all his deeds he gave thanks
To the Highest God with honorable words;
with all his heart he loved his Maker,
And every day did great piety.
47:9 Musical songs he established,
Beside the altar,
and the sound of sweet singing.
47:10 And he gave the pilgrimages splendor,
and beautified the festivals in cheer,
In his praises of the Holy Name,
before the morning he would cheer in holiness.
47:11 Also, the CAUSE passed by his sins,
and raised his horn forever,
And gave him the law of kingship,
and his throne set over Jerusalem.

47:12 וּבַעֲבוּר֣וֹ עָמַ֣ד אַחֲרָ֑יו
בֵּ֣ן מַ֝שְׂכִּ֗יל שׁוֹכֵ֥ן לַבָּֽטַח׃
47:13 שְׁלֹמֹ֓ה ׀ מֶ֨לֶךְ ׀ בִּימֵ֬י שָׁלְוָ֗ה
וְאֵל֘ הֵנִיחַ־ל֢וֹ מִ֫סָּבִ֥יב
אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֵכִ֣ין בַּ֣יִת לִשְׁמ֑וֹ
וַ֝יַּ֗צֵּב לָעַ֣ד מִקְדָּֽשׁ׃
47:14 מַה־חָכַ֣מְתָּ בִּנְעוּרֶ֑יךָ
וַתִּצֹּ֥ף כַּ֝יְאֹ֗ר מוּסָֽר׃
47:15 אֶ֭רֶץ הַשְׂכִּילַ֣ת נַפְשֶׁ֑ךָ
וַתְּקַלֵּ֥ס בַּ֝מָּר֗וֹם שִׁירָֽה׃
47:16 עַד־אִיִּ֣ים רְ֭חוֹקִים הִגִּ֣יעַ שְׁמֶ֑ךָ
וַ֝יִּצְפְּנ֗וּ לְשִׁמְעֶֽךָ׃ [5]verse not found in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
47:17 בְּשִׁ֣יר מָ֭שָׁל חִידָ֣ה וּמְלִיצָ֑ה
עַ֝מִּ֗ים הִסְעַרְתָּֽה׃
47:12 And for his sake stood up after him
a wise son, dwelling securely.
47:13 King Shlomo, in days of tranquility,
and God gave him rest around,
Who established a house for the Divine Name,
and a temple to stand forever.
47:14 How wise you were in your youth;
your ethics flowed like the Nile!
47:15 Your soul knew the earth,
and You were lauded on high with song.
47:16 To the far islands your name was told,
and they waited for your saying. [6]verse not found in Hebrew manuscript
47:17 In song, parable, riddle, and wordplay,
the peoples were astounded.

47:18 נִקְרֵ֨אתָ ׀ בְּשֵׁ֬ם הַנִּכְבָּ֗ד
הַנִּקְרָא֘ עַ֢ל יִ֫שְׂרָאֵ֥ל
וַתִּצְבָּ֣ר כַּבַּרְזֶ֣ל זָהָ֑ב
וְ֝כָעֹפֶ֗רֶת הִרְבִּ֣יתָ כָּֽסֶף׃
47:19 וַתִּתֵּ֣ן לְ֭נָשִׁים כְּסָלֶ֑יךָ
וַתַּמְשִׁילֵ֣ם בִּגְוִיָּתֶֽךָ׃
47:20 וַתִּתֵּ֬ן מ֗וּם בִּכְבֹדֶךָ֘
וַתְּחַלֵּ֢ל אֶ֫ת־יְצוּעֶ֥יךָ
לְהַֽעֲלוֹת־אַ֣ף עַל־צֶאֱצָאֶ֑יךָ
וְאֶנְחֶ֖ה עַ֣ל מִשְׁכָּבֶֽךָ׃
47:21 לְחַלֵּ֣ק מַ֭לְכוּת לִשְׁנִ֣י שְׁבָטִ֑ים
וּ֝מֵאֶפְרַ֗יִם מַמְלֶ֣כֶת חָמַֽס׃
47:22 אַךְ־אֵ֡ל ׀ לֹא־יִטֹּ֣שׁ חֶ֡סֶד ׀
וְלֹא־יַפִּ֨יל מִדְּבָרָ֤יו ׀ אַ֗רְצָה
לֹא־יַכְרִֽית־ל֬וֹ נִ֗ין וָנֶ֘כֶד
וְאוֹהֲבָ֢יו לֹ֫א יַשְׁמִ֥יד
וַיִּתֵּ֣ן לְיַעֲקֹ֣ב שְׁאֵרִ֑ית
וּ֝לְדָוִ֗ד הֵנִ֣יחַ שֹֽׁרֶשׁ׃
47:18 You were called by the Glorious Name,
called over Israel,
And amassed gold like iron,
multiplied silver like lead.
47:19 And you gave your vigor to women,
and they ruled you in pride.
47:20 And you put a blemish on your glory,
and profaned your couch,
To raise ire against your descendants,
and mourning on your final bed.
47:21 To apportion the kingdom to two tribes,
and from Efraim an impious regime.
47:22 But God will not abandon kindness,
nor let Divine Words fall to the ground,
Nor will cut down grand-children or great-grandchildren,
nor God’s lovers will God destroy,
So God gave Ya’aqov a remnant,
and to David set down a root.

47:23 וַיִּשְׁכַּ֤ב שְׁלֹמֹ֨ה ׀ מְיֹאַ֗שׁ
וַיַּעֲזֹ֤ב אַחֲרָ֨יו ׀ מִזְּרֹע֗וֹ
רְחַ֤ב אִוֶּ֨לֶת ׀ וַחֲסַ֬ר בִּינָ֗ה
רְחַבְעָם֘ הִפְרִ֢יעַ בְּעֵ֫צָה עַ֥ם
עַד־אֲשֶׁ֤ר קָ֨ם ׀ אַל־יְהִי־ל֬וֹ זֵ֗כֶר
יָרׇבְעָ֣ם בֶּ֭ן־נְבָט אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָטָ֣א וַיַּחֲטִ֣א אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיִּתֵּן־לְאֶפְרַ֣יִם מִכְשׁ֖וֹל
לְהַדִּיחָ֣ם מֵאַדְמָתָֽם׃
47:24 וַתִּגְדַּ֣ל חַטָּאת֣וֹ מְא֑וֹד
וּ֭לְכׇל־רָעָ֗ה הִתְמַכֵּֽר׃
47:23 And Shlomo lay down in despair,
and his seed left him;
wide in stupidity and lacking in wisdom,
R’ḥav’am making unruly the people from counsel,
until one arose — may he be unremembered!
Y’rov’am son of N’vaṭ who sinned and made Israel sin;
And he gave Efraim a stumbing block,
to force them from their land,
47:24 And his sin grew great,
and to all evil he devoted himself.

48:1 עַד־אֲשֶֽׁר־קָ֭ם נָבִ֣יא כָּאֵ֑שׁ
וּ֝דְבָרָ֗יו כְּתַנּ֣וּר בּוֹעֵֽר׃
48:2 וַיְשַׁבֵּ֣ר לָ֭הֶם מַ֣טֵּה לָ֑חֶם
וּ֝בְקִנְאָת֗וֹ הִמְעִיטָֽם׃
48:3 בִּדְבַר־אֵ֭ל עָצַ֣ר שָׁמָ֑יִם
וַיּ֖וֹרֶד שָׁל֣וֹשׁ אִשּֽׁוֹת׃
48:4 מַה־נוֹרָ֣א אַתָּ֣ה אֵלִיָּ֑הוּ
וּמִי־אֲשֶׁ֥ר כָּ֝מ֗וֹךָ יִתְפָּאֵֽר׃
48:5 הַמֵּ֣קִים גֶּֽ֭וַע מִמָּ֑וֶת
וּ֝מִשְּׁאֹ֗ל כִּרְצ֥וֹן יְהֹוָֽה׃
48:6 וְ֭הִשְׁמִֽיעַ בְּסִינַ֣י תּוֹכֵח֑וֹת
וּבְחֹרֵ֖ב מִשְׁפְּטֵ֣י נָקַֽם׃
48:7 הַמּוֹרִ֣יד מְלָכִ֣ים עַל־שַׁ֑חַת
וְ֝נִכְבָּדִ֗ים מִמַּטּוֹתָֽם׃
48:8 הַנִּלְקַ֣ח בִּסְעָרָ֣ה מַעֲלֶ֑ה
וּבִגְדוּדֵ֣י אֵ֣שׁ שָׁמָֽיְמָה׃[7]in Hebrew manuscript the two prior verses are reversed:
הנלקח בסערה מעלה ובגדודי אש שמימה
המוריד מלכים על שחתונכבדים ממטותם

48:9 הַכּוֹתֵ֤ב נָכ֨וֹן ׀ לְעֵ֗ת
לְהַשְׁבִּית־אַף֘ לִפְנֵי־בּ֢וֹא י֫וֹם יְהֹוָ֥ה
לְ֭הָשִׁיב לֵב־אָב֣וֹת עַל־בָּנִ֑ים
48:10 וּ֝לְהָכִ֗ין שִׁבְטֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
אַשְׁרֵ֣י רָ֭אֲךָ וּמֵ֣ת בְּבִיאָתֶ֑ךָ
כִּ֣י לֹ֝א־נָמ֗וּת אַ֣ךְ חָיֹ֣ה נִחְיֶֽה׃
48:11 אֵלִיָּ֓הוּ ׀ בִּסְעָרָ֨ה ׀ נִלְקַ֗ח
וֶאֱלִישָׁ֨ע ׀ קִבֵּ֬ל נְבוּאָ֗ה ׀
פִּ֨י שְׁנַ֤יִם ׀ אֹת֬וֹת הַרְבֵּ֗ה
וּמוֹפְתִים֘ כׇּל־מוֹצָ֢א פִּ֫יה֥וּ
מִ֭יָּמָיו לֹא־זָ֣ע מִכֹּ֑ל
וְלֹא־מָשַׁ֥ל בְּ֝רוּח֗וֹ כׇּל־בָּשָֽׂר׃
48:12 כׇּל־דָּ֭בָר לֹ֣א נִפְלָ֣א מִמֶּ֑נּוּ
וּמִתַּחְתָּ֖יו נִבְרָ֣א בְּשָֽׂרוֹ׃
48:13 בְּחַיָּ֣יו עָשָׂ֣ה נִפְלָ֑אוֹת
וּ֝בְמוֹת֗וֹ תִּמְהֵ֥י מַעֲשֶֽׂה׃
48:1 Until arose a prophet like fire,
and his words like a flaming oven.
48:2 And he shattered for them a staff of bread,
and in his zeal lessened them.
48:3 By the word of God he shut the heavens,
and brought down three fires.
48:4 How awesome are you, Eliyahu!
Anyone like you would be praised.
48:5  Who brought up a corpse from death,
and from the nether-realm by the CAUSE’s will.
48:6 Who was made to hear reprobation at Sinai,
and words of retribution at Ḥorev.
48:7 Who brought down kings to the pit,
and honorees from their beds.
48:8 Who was taken up in a storm,
and in a fiery regiment heavenwards.[8]in Hebrew manuscript the two prior verses are reversed:
Who was taken up in a storm,
and in a fiery regiment heavenwards.
Who brought down kings to the pit,
and honorees from their beds.

48:9 Writing true for the time,
to stop rage before the coming of the CAUSE’s day,
To return the hearts of fathers to their children,
and to establish the tribes of Israel.
48:10 Content is who saw you and died in your coming,
for they will not die, but live, live!
48:11 Elijah was taken in a storm,
and Elisha’ received prophecy,
A double portion, many signs, and wonders
all coming from his mouth;
From his days he never trembled before anything,
and nothing of flesh ever ruled his spirit.
48:12 Nothing was too wondrous for him,
and from below him his flesh was created.
48:13 In his life he did wonders,
and in his death powerful deeds.

48:14 בְּכׇל־זֹא֡ת ׀ לֹא־שָׁ֬ב הָעָ֗ם
׀ וְלֹ֤א חָדְל֨וּ ׀ מֵחַטֹּאתָ֗ם ׀
עַד־אֲשֶׁ֨ר ׀ נָסְח֬וּ מֵאַרְצָ֗ם ׀
וַיָּפֻצ֗וּ בְּכׇ֘ל־הָאָרֶ֥ץ
וַ֭יִשָּׁאֶר לִיהוּדָ֣ה מִזְעָ֑ר
וְע֣וֹד לְבֵית־דָּ֝וִ֗ד קָצִֽין׃
48:15 יֵ֣שׁ מֵ֭הֶם עֲשׂ֣וּ יֹ֑שֶׁר
וְיֵ֥שׁ מֵ֝הֶ֗ם הִפְלִ֥יאוּ מַֽעַל׃
48:16 יחִזְקִיָּ֤הוּ ׀ חַזֵּ֬ק עִיר֗וֹ ׀
בְּהַטּ֗וֹת אֶל־תּוֹכָ֫הּ מַ֖יִם
וַ֭יַּחְצֹב כִּנְחֹ֣שֶׁת צוּרִ֑ים
וַ֝יַּחְסֹ֗ם הָרִ֣ים מִקְוֶֽה׃
48:17 בְּיָמָ֨יו ׀ עָלָ֗ה סַנְחֵרִיב֘
וַיִּשְׁלַ֢ח אֶת־רַ֫ב־שָׁקֵ֥ה
וַיַּ֣ט יָד֣וֹ עַל־צִיּ֑וֹן
וַיְגַ֥דֵּף אֵ֗֝ל בִּגְאוֹנֽוֹ׃
48:18 וַנָּמֹ֣גוּ בִּגְא֣וֹן לִבָּ֑ם
וַ֝יָּחִיל֗וּ כְּיוֹלֵדָֽה׃
48:19 וַיִּקְרְא֤וּ אֶל־אֵ֨ל ׀ עֶלְי֗וֹן ׀
וַיִּפְרְשׂ֬וּ אֵלָ֗יו כַּ֘פָּ֥יִם
וַיִּֽשְׁמַע־ק֣וֹל תְּפִלָּתָ֑ם
וַ֝יּוֹשִׁיעֵ֗ם בְּיָ֣ד יְשַׁעְיָֽהוּ׃
48:20 וַיַּ֣ךְ בְּמַחֲנֶ֣ה אָשׁ֑וּר
וַ֝יְהֻמֵּ֗ם בַּמַּגֵּפָֽה׃
48:21 כִּ֡י ׀ עָשָׂ֤ה יְחִזְקִיָּ֨הוּ ׀ אֶת־הַטּ֗וֹב
וַיֶּחֱזַ֘ק בְּדַרְכֵ֢י דָּ֫וִ֥ד
כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר צִ֭וָּֽהוּ יְשַׁעְיָ֣הוּ הַנָּבִ֑יא
הַ֝מְּהֻלָּ֗ל בַּנְּבִיאִֽים׃ 
48:22 בְּיָמָ֣יו עָ֣מַד הַשָּׁ֑מֶשׁ
וַ֝יׇּאֳרַ֗ךְ חַיֵּ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ׃[9]torn off in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
48:23 בְּר֣וּחַ גְּ֭בוּרָה חָזָ֣ה אַחֲרִ֑ית
וַ֝יַּנְחֵ֗ם אֲבֵלֵ֥י צִיּֽוֹן׃
48:24 עַד־עוֹלָ֣ם הִגִּ֣יד נִהְי֑וֹת
וְ֝נִסְתָּר֗וֹת לִפְנֵ֥י בּוֹאָֽן׃
48:14 For all this, the people did not repent,
nor abandon their sins,
Until they were pulled from their land,
and scattered over all the earth,
And to Judah a few remained,
and still there was a ruler of David’s house.
48:15 Some of them did upright,
and some of them were incredibly evil.
48:16 Y’ḥizqiyahu strengthened his city,
bringing water into it,
Cutting through rock like bronze,
damming the mountains as a pool.
48:17 In his days Sanḥeriv arose,
and sent Rav-shaqe,
And he lifted his hand against Tsion,
and blasphemed God in arrogance.
48:18 And they were horrified at his prideful heart,
and quaked like a woman in labor.
48:19 And they called to Highest God,
to whom they spread their palms,
and God heard the sound of their voice,
who saved them by the hand of Y’sha’yahu.
48:20 And struck the camp of Assyria,
and they were shut down by the plague.
48:21 For Y’ḥizqiyahu did good,
and was strong in the way of David,
Just as commanded Y’sha’yahu the prophet,
praised among the prophets.
48:22 In his days the sun stood still,
and lengthened the life of the king.[10]Torn off in Hebrew manuscript
48:23 In a mighty spirit he saw the end,
and comforted the mourners of Tsion.
48:24 Until eternity he told what would be,
and secrets before they came.

49:1 שֵׁ֨ם יֹאשִׁיָּ֤הוּ ׀ כִּקְטֹ֬רֶת סַמִּ֗ים
הַמְּמֻלָּח֘ מַעֲשֶׂ֢ה ר֫וֹקֵ֥חַ
בְּחֵ֥ךְ כִּ֭דְבַשׁ יַמְתִּ֣יק זִכְר֑וֹ
וּ֝כְמִזְמ֗וֹר עַל־מִשְׁתֶּ֥ה הַיַּֽיִן׃ 
49:2 כִּ֣י נַחַ֣ל עַל־מְשׁוּבֹתֵ֑ינוּ
וַיִּשְׁבֹּ֣ת תּ֣וֹעֲבֹת הָֽבֶל׃
49:3 וַיִּתֹּ֣ם אֶל־אֵ֭ל לִבּ֑וֹ
וּבִימֵ֥י חָמַ֖ס עָ֣שָׂה חָֽסֶד׃
49:1 The name of Yoshiyahu like incense smoke,
spiced by the perfumer’s work;
Like honey on the palate his memory is sweet,
and like a song at a wine banquet.
49:2 For he inherited over our turning back,
and stopped the worthless abominations.
49:3 And he set his heart to God,
and in impious days did piety.

49:4 לְבַ֤ד מִדָּוִ֨ד ׀ יְחִזְקִיָּ֗הוּ
וְיֹאשִׁיָּ֘הוּ כֻּלָּ֢ם הִ֫שְׁחִית֥וּ
וַ֭יַּעַזְבוּ תּוֹרַ֣ת עֶלְי֑וֹן
מַלְכֵ֥י יְ֝הוּדָ֗ה עַד־תֻּמָּֽם׃
49:5 וַיִּתֵּ֣ן קַרְנָ֣ם לְאָח֑וֹר
וּ֝כְבוֹדָ֗ם לְג֣וֹי נָבַ֣ל נׇכְרִֽי׃
49:6 וַיַּצִּ֣יתוּ קִ֣רְיַת קֹדֶ֑שׁ
וַ֝יֵּשַׁ֗מּוּ אֹרְחֹתֶֽיהָ׃
49:4 Other than David and Y’ḥizqiyahu
and Yoshiyahu, they all were corrupted,
and abandoned the Teaching of the Highest,
the kings of Judah, to the last.
49:5 And God set their horn to another,
and their glory to a brutish foreign nation.
49:6 And they burned the Holy City,
and ruined its pathways.

49:7 בְּיַ֤ד יִרְמְיָ֨הוּ ׀ כִּ֬י עֲנ֗וּהוּ
וְה֥וּא מִרֶ֘חֶם נוֹצַ֢ר נָ֫בִ֥יא
לִנְתֹּ֣שׁ וְ֭לִנְתֹּץ וּלְהַאֲבִ֥יד וְלַהֲר֑וֹס
וְ֝כֵ֗ן לִבְנ֣וֹת וְלִנְט֣וֹעַ וּלְהַשִֽׁיב׃
49:8 יְ֭חֶזְקֵאל רָאָ֣ה מַרְאֶ֑ה
וַ֝יַּגֵּ֗ד זְנֵ֥י מֶרְכָּבָֽה׃
49:9 וְגַ֣ם הִ֭זְכִּיר אֶת־אִיּ֣וֹב נִבֵּ֑א
הַ֝מְּכַלְכֵּ֗ל כׇּל־דַּ֣רְכֵי צֶֽדֶק׃
49:10 וְגַ֗ם ׀ שְׁנֵ֤ים עָשָׂ֨ר ׀ הַנְּבִיאִ֗ים
תְּהִ֥י עַצְמוּתָם֘ פֹּרְחֹ֢ת מִ֫תַּחְתֶּ֥ם
אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֶחֱלִ֣ימוּ אֶת־יַעֲקֹ֑ב
וַ֝יִּשְׁע֗וּהוּ בְּתִקְוַ֥ת אֲמוּנָֽה׃
49:10 מַה־נְהַלְּלָ֣ה אֶת־זְרֻבָּבֶ֑ל
וְה֖וּא עַל־יַד־יָמִ֣ין כְּחוֹתָֽם׃[11]torn off in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
49:11 וְגַ֨ם ׀ יְהוֹשֻׁ֬עַ בֶּן־יְהוֹצָדָ֗ק
אֲשֶׁר־בְּמָצוֹק֘ הֵקִ֢ימוּ מִ֫זְבֵּ֥חַ
וַיָּרִ֣ימוּ הֵ֣יכַל קֹ֑דֶשׁ
הַמְּכוֹנֵ֖ן לִכְב֣וֹד עוֹלָֽם׃
49:12 נְחֶמְיָ֓ה ׀ יַאֲדִ֤ר זִכְר֨וֹ ׀
הַמֵּקִ֬ים אֶת־חׇרְבָּתֵ֗נוּ
וַיְרַפֵּ֣א אֶת־הֲרִיסָתֵ֑נוּ
וַיַּ֖צֵּב דְּלָתַ֣יִם וּבְרִֽיחַ׃
49:7 Per the hand of Yirmiyahu who they mistreated,
and he from the womb was made a prophet;
To uproot and pull down and destroy and overthrow,
also to build and plant and bring return.
49:8 Y’ḥezqel saw a vision,
and told the specifics of the Chariot.
And also recounted Iyov of whom he prophesied,
who worked all the paths of right.
49:9 And also the twelve prophets,
may their bones flower below them;
Who brought the dream back to Ya’aqov,
and saved him with the hope of truth.
49:10 How could I praise Zerubavel?
As a seal on his right hand![12]Torn off in Hebrew manuscript
49:11 As well as Y’hoshua son of Y’hotsadaq,
who in distress established the altar,
And raised up the Holy Palace,
established for eternal glory.
49:12 N’ḥemya, mighty his memory!
Who built up our ruins,
And healed our wounds,
and set up the double-doors and bolt.

49:13 מְעַ֡ט ׀ נוֹצַ֣ר עַל־הָ֭אָֽרֶץ [כהניך] כַּחֲנ֑וֹךְ[13]Hebrew manuscript reads כהניך “your priests”, most likely a scribal error for the similar-looking but comparatively rare word כחנוך “like Enoch.” Here this is represented as a qere/ketiv split.
וְגַם־ה֖וּא נִלְקַ֣ח פָּנִֽים׃
49:14 כְּ֭יוֹסֵף אִם־נוֹלָ֣ד גָּ֑בֶר
וְגַ֣ם גְּוִיָּ֣תוֹ נִפְקְדָֽה׃
49:15 וְשֵׁ֣ם וְ֭שֵׁת וֶאֱנ֥וֹשׁ נִפְקָ֑דוּ
וְ֝עַל־כׇּל־חַ֗י תִּפְאֶ֥רֶת אָדָֽם׃
49:13 Few were made on Earth like Ḥanokh[14]Hebrew manuscript reads כהניך “your priests”, most likely a scribal error for the similar-looking but comparatively rare כחנוך“like Ḥanokh.” ,
and he was also taken to face.
49:14 Has a man been born like Yosef?
Even his body was accounted for!
49:15 And Shem and Seth and Enosh were accounted for,
and over all life the beauty of Adam.

50:1 גָּד֤וֹל אֶחָ֨יו ׀ וְתִפְאֶ֬רֶת עַמּ֗וֹ
שִׁמְעוֹן֘ בֶּן־יוֹחָנָ֢ן הַ֫כֹּהֵ֥ן
אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּדוֹר֣וֹ נִפְקָ֣ד הַבַּ֑יִת
וּ֝בְיָמָ֗יו חֻזַּ֣ק הֵיכָֽל׃
50:2 אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּ֭יָמָיו נִ֣בְנֶה קִ֑יר
פִּנּ֣וֹת מָע֖וֹן בְּהֵיכַ֣ל מֶֽלֶךְ׃
50:3 אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּ֭דוֹרוֹ נִכְרֶ֣ה מִקְוֶ֑ה
אַשְׁוַ֣ח כַּיַּ֣ם[15]Hebrew manuscript reads אשיח בם “I will tell of them”, which could be, per the Rev. Dr. Charles Taylor, a scribal error for the similar-lookingאשוח כים “a reservoir like the sea.” This is understandable because the word אשוח is otherwise a hapax legomenon found only in the Mesha Stele, and even the pronunciation of the word itself is a hypothetical. Here this is also represented as a qere/ketiv split. [אשיח בם] בַּהֲמוֹנֽוֹ׃[16]in Hebrew manuscript the two prior verses are reversed:
אשר בדורו נכרה מקוהאשיח בם בהמונו
אשר בימיו נבנה קירפנות מעון בהיכל מלך

50:4 הַדּוֹאֵ֣ג לְ֭עַמּוֹ מֵחָ֑תֶף
וּמְחַזֵּ֣ק עִ֝יר֗וֹ מִצָּֽר׃ 
50:5 מַה־נֶ֭הְדָּר בְּהַשְׁגִּיח֣וֹ מֵאֹ֑הֶל
וּ֝בְצֵאת֗וֹ מִבֵּ֥ית הַפָּרֹֽכֶת׃
50:6 כְּכ֣וֹכַב א֭וֹר מִבֵּ֣ין עָבִ֑ים
וּכְיָרֵ֣חַ מָלֵ֖א בְּימֵ֣י מוֹעֵֽד׃
50:7 וּכְשֶׁ֣מֶשׁ מְ֭שָׁרֶקֶת אֶל־הֵיכַ֣ל הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וּ֝כְקֶ֗שֶׁת נִרְאֲתָ֣ה בֶּעָנָֽן׃
50:8 וּכְנֵ֤ץ בַּעֲנָפ֨וֹ ׀ בִּימֵ֬י מוֹעֵ֗ד ׀
וּ֭כְשׁוֹשָׁן עַל־יִ֣בְלֵי מַ֑יִם
כְּפֶ֣רַח לְבָנ֖וֹן בִּימֵ֣י קַֽיִץ׃ 
50:9 וּכְאֵ֬שׁ לְבוֹנָ֗ה עַ֘ל־הַמִּנְחָ֥ה
כִּכְלִ֣י זָ֭הָב תַּבְנִ֣ית אַנְטִ֑יל
הַ֝נֶּאֱחַ֗ז עַ֣ל אַֽבְנֵי־חֵֽפֶץ׃ 
50:10 כְּזַ֣יִת רַ֭עֲנָן מָלֵ֣א גַּרְגַּ֑ר
וּכְעֵ֣ץ שֶׁ֖מֶן מְרַוֶּ֣ה עָנָֽף׃ 
50:11 בַּעֲטוֹת֨וֹ ׀ בִּגְדֵ֬י כָּב֗וֹד ׀ 
וְהִתְלַבְּשׁ֗וּ בִּגְדִ֫י תִּפְאָ֥רֶת
בַּעֲלוּת֣וֹ עַל־מִזְבֵּ֥חַ ה֑וֹד
וַ֝יֶּהְדַּ֗ר עֶזְרַ֣ת מִקְדָּֽשׁ׃ 
50:12 בְּקַבְּל֡וֹ ׀ נְתָחִ֨ים ׀ מִיַּ֬ד אֶחָ֗יו ׀
וְה֤וּא נִצָּ֨ב ׀ עַל־מַעֲרָכ֗וֹת
סָבִיב־ל֘וֹ עֲטֶ֢רֶת בָּ֫נִ֥ים
כִּשְׁתִילֵ֣י אֲ֭רָזִים בַּלְּבָנ֑וֹן
וַ֝יַּקִּיפ֗וּהוּ כְּעַ֣רְבֵי־נָֽחַל׃ 
50:13 כׇּל־בְּנֵ֤י אַהֲרֹ֨ן בִּכְבוֹדָ֗ם
וְאִשֵּׁ֣י יְ֭הֹוָה בְּיָ֑דָם
נֶ֖גֶד כׇּל־קְהַ֣ל יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
50:14 עַד־כַּלּוֹת֥וֹ לְשָׁרֵ֣ת מִזְבֵּ֑חַ
וּ֝לְסַדֵּ֗ר מַעַרְכ֣וֹת עֶלְיֽוֹן׃
50:15 וַיַּ֤ט אֶת־יָד֨וֹ עַל־הַקְּעָרָ֗ה ׀
לְהָסִ֗יךְ דַּ֫ם־עֲנָבִ֥ים
וַ֭יִּשְׁפְּכֵֽהוּ אֶל־יְס֣וֹד הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ
רֵ֣יחַ נִיח֖וֹחַ לְאֵ֣ל עֶלְיֽוֹן׃ [17]verse not found in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
50:16 אָז־יָרִ֤יעוּ בְּנֵי־אַהֲרֹ֨ן ׀ הַכֹּהֲנִ֗ים
בַּחֲצֹצְר֘וֹת־מִקְּשָׁ֥ה
וַיָּרִ֣יעוּ וַ֭יַּשְׁמִֽיעוּ ק֣וֹל אַדִּ֑יר
50:17 לְהַזְכִּ֖יר לִפְנֵ֣י עֶלְיֽוֹן׃
כׇּל־בָּשָׂ֤ר יַחְדָּ֨ו ׀ נִמְהָ֗רוּ
וַיִּפְּלוּ֘ עַל־פְּנֵיהֶ֢ם אָ֫רְצָ֥ה
לְהִשְׁתַּחֲוֹ֣ת לִפְנֵ֣י עֶלְי֑וֹן
לִפְנֵ֖י קְד֣וֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
50:18 וַיִּתֵּ֣ן הַ֭שִּׁיר קוֹל֑וֹ
וְ֝עַל־הָמ֗וֹן הֶעֱרִ֥יכוּ נֵרֽוֹ׃
50:19 וַיָּרֹ֨נּוּ ׀ כׇּל־עַ֬ם הָאָ֗רֶץ
בִּתְפִילָּה֘ לִפְנֵ֢י רָ֫ח֥וּם
עַד־כַּ֭לּוֹתוֹ לְשָׁרֵ֣ת מִזְבֵּ֑חַ
וּ֝מִשְׁפָּטָ֗יו הִגִּ֣יעַ אֵלָֽיו׃
50:20 אָ֤ז יָרַ֨ד ׀ וְנָשָׂ֬א יָדָ֗יו
עַ֫ל־כׇּל־קְהָל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל
וּבִרְכַּ֣ת יְ֭הֹוָה בִּשְׂפָתָ֑יו
וּבְשֵׁ֥ם יְ֝הֹוָ֗ה הִתְפָּאֵֽר׃
50:21 וַיִּשְׁנ֣וּ לִנְפֹּ֣ל שֵׁנִ֑ית
בִּרְכַּ֥ת אֵ֗֝ל מִפָּנָֽיו׃
50:22 עַתָּ֓ה ׀ בָּרְכוּ־נָ֤א אֶת־יְהוָ֨ה ׀ אֱלֹהֵ֬י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל
הַ֭מַּפְלִא לַעֲשׂ֣וֹת בָּאָ֑רֶץ
הַמְּגַדֵּ֣ל אָדָ֣ם מֵ֝רֶ֗חֶם
וַיַּעֲשֵׂ֣הוּ כִּרְצוֹנֽוֹ׃
50:23 יִתֵּ֣ן לָ֭כֶם חׇכְמַ֣ת לֵבָ֑ב
וִיהִ֣י בְּשָׁל֣וֹם בֵּינֵיכֶֽם׃
50:24 יֵאָמֵ֡ן ׀ עִם־שִׁמְע֨וֹן ׀ חַסְדּ֗וֹ ׀
וְיָקֶם־ל֘וֹ בְּרִ֢ית פִּ֫ינְחָ֥ס
אֲשֶׁר־לֹ֥א יִכְרֹת־ל֣וֹ וּלְזַרְע֑וֹ
כִּימֵ֣י שָׁמָֽיִם׃
50:1 Greatest by his brothers, glorious by his people,
Shim’on son of Yoḥanan the Priest,
For in his generation the House was accounted for,
and in his days the Palace was strengthened.
50:2 For in his days a wall was built,
mighty corners for the royal palace.
50:3 For in his generation a pool was dug;
a reservoir like the sea[18]Hebrew manuscript reads אשיח בם “I will meditate upon them”, which could be, per the Rev. Dr. Charles Taylor, a scribal error for the similar-lookingאשוח כים “a reservoir like the sea.” This is understandable because the word אשוח is otherwise a hapax legomenon found only in the Mesha Stele. in its multitude.[19]In Hebrew manuscript the two prior verses are reversed:
For in his generation a pool was dug;
I will speak of them in his multitude. [see prior note] For in his days a wall was built,
mighty corners for the royal palace.

50:4 He protected his people from robbers,
and strengthened his city from stressors.
50:5 How splendid, in his exit from the tent,
and his leaving from the curtain room!
50:6 Like a shining star from among the clouds,
and like a full moon on the festival day.
50:7 And like a sun shining on the Royal Palace,
and like a rainbow seen in the cloud.
50:8 And like a blossom on its branch in its appointed time,
and like a lily on the water streams,
And like a Lebanon flower in summer days.
50:9 And like myrrh fire upon grain-offering,
and like a golden cup, a quarter-log form,
encrusted with precious stones.
50:10 Like a green olive tree full of olives,
and like an oil tree with abounding branches.
50:11 When he dons his glorious clothes,
and is dressed in resplendent clothes,
And goes up to the splendid altar,
and brings grandeur to the Temple court.
50:12 When he takes the portions from his brothers’ hand,
and he stands upon the woodpiles,
Surrounding him a crown of sons,
like young cedars in Lebanon,
And surround him like brook myrtles.
50:13 All the sons of Aharon in their glory
And the fires of the CAUSE in their hand,
facing all the congregation of Israel.
50:14 Until he finishes ministering the altar,
and arranging the woodpiles of the Highest.
50:15 And he lifted his hand to the cup,
to libate the grape-blood,
And poured it on the base of the altar,
a sweet smell to the Highest God.[20]Verse not found in Hebrew manuscript.
50:16 Thus the priests, the children of Aharon,
raise a shout, with the metal trumpets,
And raise a shout and make a great sound heard,
to be recalled before the Highest.
50:17 All flesh together hurries
and they fall on their faces groundward,
To prostrate before the Highest,
before the Holy One of Israel.
50:18 And he put song in his voice,
and over the multitude his light is equal.
50:19 And all the people of the land cheered,
in prayer before the Merciful One,
Until he finished ministering the altar,
and his judgements came to them.
50:20 Thus he went down and lifted his hands
upon all the congregation of Israel;
The blessing of the CAUSE on his lips,
and in the name of the CAUSE glorified.
50:21 And they would repeat and fall again,
the blessing of God from his mouth.
50:22 Now, please bless the CAUSE God of Israel,
doing wonders in the land,
Raising a person from the womb
and doing as God wills.
50:23 May God give you a wise heart,
and may it be in peace among you.
50:24 May God’s kindness be in faith with Shim’on,
and Pinḥas’s covenant established for him,
which should not be broken for him
or his seed all the days of heaven.

50:25 בִּשְׁנֵ֣י גּ֭וֹיִם קָצָ֣ה נַפְשִׁ֑י
וְ֝הַשְּׁלִשִׁ֗ית אֵינֶ֥נּוּ עַֽם׃
50:26 יוֹשְׁבֵ֣י שֵׂ֭עִיר וּפְלָ֑שֶׁת
וְג֣וֹי נָבַ֖ל הַדָּ֣ר בִּשְׁכֶֽם׃
50:25 Two nations aggravate me,
and the third is not even a people.
50:26 The inhabitants of Seir and Philistia,
and the brutish people dwelling in Shechem.[21]At the time of this composition, the Idumeans, Hellenes, and Samaritans respectively. Ben Sira repeats the claim first found in II Kings 17:24-41 that the Samaritan faith is just foreign appropriation of Israelite culture which the Jews preserved. Samaritans, on the other hand, claim that the Jewish faith is just a Babylonian adulteration of Israelite culture which the Samaritans preserved. We must keep in mind that at the time of Ben Sira, the Samaritans were the primary regional enemy of the Jews, with their competing claims of being the only true monotheists and inheritors of the covenant. Obviously things have changed dramatically since two thousand years ago.

50:27 מוּסָ֓ר ׀ שֵׂ֡כֶל ׀ וּמוֹשֵׁ֤ל אוֹפַנִּ֨ים ׀
לְשִׁמְע֗וֹן בֶּן־יֵשׁ֘וּעַ בֶּן־אֶלְעָ֢זָר בֶּ֫ן־סִירָ֥א
אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִ֭יבַּע בִּפְת֣וֹר לְבָ֑ן
וַאֲשֶׁ֥ר הִ֝בִּ֗יעַ בִּתְבוּנֽוֹת׃
50:28 אַשְׁרֵי־אִ֭ישׁ בְּאֵ֣לֶּה יֶהְגֶּ֑ה
וְנוֹתֵ֥ן עַ֝ל־לִבּ֗וֹ יֶחְכָּֽם׃
50:29 כִּ֡י ׀ אִ֣ם יִ֭שְׁמְרֵם יְחֻזַּ֣ק לַכֹּ֑ל[22]first verset not found in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
כִּי־יִרְאַ֥ת יְ֝הֹוָ֗ה חַיִּֽים׃
50:27 Ethics, intelligence, and angelic wisdom
of Shim’on son of Yeshua’ son of Ela’zar son of Sira,
Which sprung forth with a resolute heart,
and expressed in wisdom.
50:28 Content the man who meditates on these,
and gives wisdom to his heart.
50:29 For if he guards them he will overcome anything[23]First verset not found in Hebrew manuscript.,
for the awe of the CAUSE is life.

Source(s)

B_XIX_Recto (T-S 16 314)

B_XIX_Verso (T-S 16 314)

Notes   [ + ]

  1, 5, 17. verse not found in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
  2, 20. Verse not found in Hebrew manuscript.
  3, 22. first verset not found in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
  4, 23. First verset not found in Hebrew manuscript.
  6. verse not found in Hebrew manuscript
  7. in Hebrew manuscript the two prior verses are reversed:
הנלקח בסערה מעלה ובגדודי אש שמימה
המוריד מלכים על שחתונכבדים ממטותם
  8. in Hebrew manuscript the two prior verses are reversed:
Who was taken up in a storm,
and in a fiery regiment heavenwards.
Who brought down kings to the pit,
and honorees from their beds.
  9, 11. torn off in Hebrew manuscript, reconstructed
  10, 12. Torn off in Hebrew manuscript
  13. Hebrew manuscript reads כהניך “your priests”, most likely a scribal error for the similar-looking but comparatively rare word כחנוך “like Enoch.” Here this is represented as a qere/ketiv split.
  14. Hebrew manuscript reads כהניך “your priests”, most likely a scribal error for the similar-looking but comparatively rare כחנוך“like Ḥanokh.”
  15. Hebrew manuscript reads אשיח בם “I will tell of them”, which could be, per the Rev. Dr. Charles Taylor, a scribal error for the similar-lookingאשוח כים “a reservoir like the sea.” This is understandable because the word אשוח is otherwise a hapax legomenon found only in the Mesha Stele, and even the pronunciation of the word itself is a hypothetical. Here this is also represented as a qere/ketiv split.
  16. in Hebrew manuscript the two prior verses are reversed:
אשר בדורו נכרה מקוהאשיח בם בהמונו
אשר בימיו נבנה קירפנות מעון בהיכל מלך
  18. Hebrew manuscript reads אשיח בם “I will meditate upon them”, which could be, per the Rev. Dr. Charles Taylor, a scribal error for the similar-lookingאשוח כים “a reservoir like the sea.” This is understandable because the word אשוח is otherwise a hapax legomenon found only in the Mesha Stele.
  19. In Hebrew manuscript the two prior verses are reversed:
For in his generation a pool was dug;
I will speak of them in his multitude. [see prior note] For in his days a wall was built,
mighty corners for the royal palace.
  21. At the time of this composition, the Idumeans, Hellenes, and Samaritans respectively. Ben Sira repeats the claim first found in II Kings 17:24-41 that the Samaritan faith is just foreign appropriation of Israelite culture which the Jews preserved. Samaritans, on the other hand, claim that the Jewish faith is just a Babylonian adulteration of Israelite culture which the Samaritans preserved. We must keep in mind that at the time of Ben Sira, the Samaritans were the primary regional enemy of the Jews, with their competing claims of being the only true monotheists and inheritors of the covenant. Obviously things have changed dramatically since two thousand years ago.

 PDF (or Print)

 
 
 

 

Comments, Corrections, and Queries


בסיעתא דארעא