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Masoretic layer 'J'

Composed in the late eighth or early seventh century BCE in the southern Kingdom of Judah, 'J' is one of the primary sources of the Masoretic text of the the Hebrew Bible, The J source was responsible for the first major metamorphosis of the oldest recognized kernel of the Biblical narrative (known as the E source). By combining the book of E, the Book of the Covenant (a law code found in Exodus 21–24), and the northern book of Judges (predecessor to the canonical book of Judges), and supplementing them with J's own text, J composed a cohesive historical work which chronicles the events from the creation of the world to the crowning of King David in nine story cycles, focusing on the Israelite line. J’s editorial style is highly invasive. In adding their own voice to that of their predecessor E, J often overwhelms the reader with their point of view to the extent that E’s original narrative threads are no longer apparent.

פָּרָשַׁת בְּהַעֲלֹתְךָ | Parashat b’ha-Alotekha (Numbers 8:1-12:16), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: י״ט בסיון ה׳תשע״ט (2019-06-22) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat b’Ha’alotekha, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת וַיְחִי | Parashat Vayeḥi (Genesis 47:28-50:26), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: ב׳ בטבת ה׳תשע״ט (2018-12-10) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Vayeḥi, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת קֹרַח | Parashat Qoraḥ (Numbers 16:1-18:32), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: כ״ג בסיון ה׳תשע״ט (2019-06-26) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' |

The text of parashat Qoraḥ, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת מִשְׁפָּטִים | Parashat Mishpatim (Exodus 21:1-24:18), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: ט״ו בשבט ה׳תשע״ט (2019-01-20) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' |

The text of parashat Mishpatim, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת יִתְרוֹ | Parashat Yitro (Exodus 18:1-20:22), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: י״ד בשבט ה׳תשע״ט (2019-01-20) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'J' |

The text of parashat Yitro, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת וָאֵרָא | Parashat Va’era (Exodus 6:2-9:35), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: כ״ג בטבת ה׳תשע״ט (2018-12-30) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' |

The text of parashat Va’era, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת וְזֹאת הַבְּרָכָה | Parashat v’Zōt haBrakhah (Deuteronomy 33:1-34:12), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: י׳ באלול ה׳תשע״ט (2019-09-10) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'D1' | Masoretic layer 'D2' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'H' |

The text of parashat v’Zot haBrakhah, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת שְׁמוֹת | Parashat Shemot (Exodus 1:1-6:1), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: ט״ו בטבת ה׳תשע״ט (2018-12-23) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Shemot, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת נֹחַ | Parashat Noaḥ (Genesis 6:9-11:32), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: כ״ד בתשרי ה׳תשע״ט (2018-10-03) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'B' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'J' |

The text of parashat Noaḥ, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת לֶךְ־לְךָ | Parashat Lekh Lekha (Genesis 12:1-17:27), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: א׳ במרחשון ה׳תשע״ט (2018-10-10) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'B' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'J' |

The text of parashat Lekh Lekha, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת וַיֵּרָא | Parashat Vayera (Genesis 18:1-22:24), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: ט׳ במרחשון ה׳תשע״ט (2018-10-17) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Vayera, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת חַיֵּי שָׂרָה | Parashat Ḥayyei Sarah (Genesis 23:1-25:18), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: ט״ו במרחשון ה׳תשע״ט (2018-10-24) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Ḥayyei Sarah, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת תּוֹלְדֹת | Parashat Toldōt (Genesis 25:19-28:9), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: כ״א במרחשון ה׳תשע״ט (2018-10-29) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' |

The text of parashat Toldot, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת וַיֵּצֵא | Parashat Vayetsei (Genesis 28:10-32:3), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: כ״ז במרחשון ה׳תשע״ט (2018-11-04) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' |

The text of parashat Vayetsei, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת וַיִּשְׁלַח | Parashat Vayishlaḥ (Genesis 32:4-36:43), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: ד׳ בכסלו ה׳תשע״ט (2018-11-12) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Vayishlaḥ, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת כִּי תִשָּׂא | Parashat Ki Tissa (Exodus 30:11-34:35), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: י״ב באדר א׳ ה׳תשע״ט (2019-02-16) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Ki Tissa, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת וַיֵּשֶׁב | Parashat Vayeshev (Genesis 37:1-40:23), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: י״ד בכסלו ה׳תשע״ט (2018-11-22) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Vayeshev, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת וַיִּגַּשׁ | Parashat Vayigash (Genesis 44:18-47:27), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: ב׳ בטבת ה׳תשע״ט (2018-12-10) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Vayigash, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת שְׁלַח | Parashat Shlaḥ (Numbers 13:1-15:41), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: י״ט בסיון ה׳תשע״ט (2019-06-22) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' |

The text of parashat Shlaḥ, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת מִקֵּץ | Parashat Miqets (Genesis 41:1-44:17), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: כ״ד בכסלו ה׳תשע״ט (2018-12-01) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Vayeshev, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת בֹּא | Parashat Bo (Exodus 10:1-13:16), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: א׳ בשבט ה׳תשע״ט (2019-01-06) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'D2' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Bo, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת בְּשַׁלַּח | Parashat b’Shalaḥ (Exodus 13:17-17:16), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: ז׳ בשבט ה׳תשע״ט (2019-01-13) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat B’shalaḥ, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת חֻקַּת | Parashat Ḥuqat (Numbers 19:1-22:1), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: כ״ד בסיון ה׳תשע״ט (2019-06-27) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'H' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Ḥuqat, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת בָּלָק | Parashat Balaq (Numbers 22:2-25:9), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: ו׳ בתמוז ה׳תשע״ט (2019-07-09) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic kernel 'E' | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'B' |

The text of parashat Balaq, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת וַיֵּלֶךְ | Parashat Vayelekh (Deuteronomy 31:1-30), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: י״ד באלול ה׳תשפ״א (2021-08-22) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Len Fellman (translation) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'J' | Masoretic layer 'D1' | Masoretic layer 'D2' |

The text of parashat Vayelekh, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .


פָּרָשַׁת בְּרֵאשִׁית | Parashat Bereshit (Genesis 1:1-6:8), color-coded according to its narrative layers

Contributed on: כ״ג בתשרי ה׳תשע״ט (2018-10-02) by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Tzemaḥ Yoreh | the Masoretic Text | Masoretic layer 'B' | Masoretic layer 'P' | Masoretic layer 'J' |

The text of parashat Bereishit, distinguished according to the stratigraphic layers of its composition according to the Supplementary Hypothesis. . . .