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Dan Levene

Dan Levene

Dan Levene is a lecturer of Jewish history and culture in the Department of History at Southampton University

מימיני מיכאל | “Mikhael is on my right,” an apotropaic invocation of angelic protection in the Bedtime Shema from the Maḥzor Vitry (ca. 11th c.)

Contributed on: כ״ג באייר ה׳תש״פ (2020-05-16) by Aharon N. Varady (translation) | Dan Levene | Dalia Marx | Simḥah ben Shmuel of Vitry |

An “angels on all sides” formula included with the Bedtime Shema service in the Maḥzor Vitry. . . .


כשיוצא אדם בלילה | When a person goes out at night: an apotropaic invocation of angelic protection in the Seder Rav Amram Gaon (ca. 9th c.)

Contributed on: כ׳ באייר ה׳תש״פ (2020-05-14) by Aharon N. Varady (translation) | Dan Levene | Dalia Marx | Amram Ben Rav Sheshna |

An apotropaic prayer of protection for traveling at night containing an “angels on all sides” formula. . . .


גבריאל מימינהון | “Gavriel is on the right,” an apotropaic invocation of angelic protection in the amulet bowl SD12 (ca. mid-first millennium C.E.)

Contributed on: י״ח באייר ה׳תש״פ (2020-05-12) by Aharon N. Varady (translation) | Dan Levene | Dalia Marx |

The text and translation of an amulet bowl discussed in “‘Gabriel is on their Right’: Angelic Protection in Jewish Magic and Babylonian Lore” by Dan Levene, Dalia Marx, and Siam Bharyo in Studia Mesopotamica (Band 1: 2014) pp.185-198. The apotropaic ward found in the amulet bowl, SD 12, contains an “angels on all sides” formula similar to that appearing in the Jewish liturgy of the bedtime shema. . . .



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