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Marcus Jastrow

Marcus Jastrow (June 5, 1829, Rogoźno – October 13, 1903) was a Polish-born American Talmudic scholar, most famously known for his authorship of the popular and comprehensive A Dictionary of the Targumim, Talmud Babli, Talmud Yerushalmi and Midrashic Literature. He was also a progressive, early reformist rabbi in America. Along with Benjamin Szold and Frederick de Sola Mendes, Marcus Jastrow was characterized by Jewish historian Jacob Rader Marcus as being on the right-wing of early American Reform. His translation of Rabbi Benjamin Szold's prayerbook into English offered a more traditional alternative to the Minhag America prayerbook of Isaac M. Wise. He opposed the 1885 Pittsburgh Platform, but consented for an organ to be installed in his Rodeph Shalom synagogue in Philadelphia.


אֲדוֹן עוֹלָם | Adōn Olam, translated by Rabbi Marcus Jastrow after the abridged arrangement of Rabbi Benjamin Szold (1873)

Contributed on: 12 Mar 2021 by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Marcus Jastrow | Benjamin Szold | Shlomo ibn Gabirol |

An English translation of an abridged arrangement of the piyyut, Adon Olam. . . .

📖 הֶגְיוֹן לֵב | Hegyon Lev (Meditations of the Heart): Israelitisches Gebetbuch für die häusliche Andacht, arranged by Rabbi Benjamin Szold (revised by Rabbi Marcus Jastrow 1875)

Contributed on: 29 Apr 2023 by Marcus Jastrow | Benjamin Szold |

This is Rabbi Benjamin Szold’s הגיון לב (Higayon Lev) Israelitisches Gebetbuch für die Häusliche Andacht, “second completely revised edition” edited by Rabbi Marcus Jastrow (1875). This work was subsequently translated into English by Benjamin Szold’s daughter, Henrietta Szold, and her manuscript used as the draft for the Jewish Ministers’ Association’s Jewish Home Prayer-Book (1887). . . .

📖 סידור עבודת ישראל | Siddur Aḇodath Yisrael, arranged by R’ Benjamin Szold and translated by R’ Marcus Jastrow (1873)

Contributed on: 25 Feb 2017 by Aharon N. Varady (digital imaging and document preparation) | Benjamin Szold | Marcus Jastrow |

The siddur, Aḇodath Yisrael was first prepared for Temple Oheb Shalom (Baltimore, Maryland) by Rabbi Benjamin Szold (1829-1902). Before Szold’s arrival in 1859, the congregation had adopted for use in its Shabbat service the Minhag America by the Reform rabbi, Isaac Meyer Wise. After much discussion with his congregation Szold introduced Aḇodath Yisrael, which hewed more closely to traditional Ashkenazi custom. The first edition of this prayer-book appeared in 1863 with German translation, and was widely adopted by congregations in the United States. New editions were published in 1864 and 1865 (the latter with English translation), and another, revised edition in 1871, by Rabbis Marcus Jastrow of Philadelphia (1829-1903) and Henry Hochheimer of Baltimore (1818-1912). . . .

📖 Songs and Prayers and Meditations for Divine Services of Israelites, arranged by Rabbi Benjamin Szold and translated by Rabbi Marcus Jastrow (1873)

Contributed on: 29 Sep 2019 by Aharon N. Varady (transcription) | Marcus Jastrow | Benjamin Szold |

A hymnal prepared by Rabbi Benjamin Szold and translated from German into English by Rabbi Marcus Jastrow. . . .

📖 The Jewish Home Prayer-Book: A Manual of Household Devotion (Committee of the Jewish Ministers’ Association, 1887)

Contributed on: 24 Apr 2023 by Frederick de Sola Mendes | Gustav Gottheil | Alexander Kohut | Louis Stern | Henrietta Szold | Benjamin Szold | Marcus Jastrow |

A prayerbook containing prayers for private and family use in the home, in vernacular English, expanding upon a prayerbook intended for the same purpose but in German by Benjamin Szold and Marcus Jastrow. . . .

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